Bulletin--Announcement of Courses



Explanation of Course Notations
Course Descriptions
Course Numbering System
Special Course Numbers
Experimental and Temporary Courses
Remedial Instruction and Non-Credit Courses
International Study Courses
Special Study
Methods of Instruction
California Articulation Number (CAN) System





Certain notations are uniformly used in the course descriptions in this Bulletin.


Course descriptions briefly describe the content or subject matter to be covered and provide additional information on units of credit, the level of instruction (see course numbering system), prerequisites and type of course (lecture, laboratory, seminar, and individually supervised work). Students may not earn credit in a cross-listed course a second time under an alternate prefix.

Information on specific offerings (times, rooms, instructors) will be found in the Class Schedule which is printed in advance of fall and spring semesters and may be purchased in the Bookstore. Experimental and variable topic courses which are offered each semester can be found in the Class Schedule.

Departments indicate the semester in which they expect to offer the course by the use of F (fall), S (spring), F,S (each semester), and A (alternate years). This key is indicated following the course title in this Bulletin. While the university will make every effort to follow this announced schedule, the semester of offering is subject to change without prior notice when unusual circumstances require it.


Because of the differences in the organization and content of the various disciplines and professions, there is no uniform, reasonable way of numbering courses that would be equally useful in all fields of knowledge.

In general it may be assumed that advances in division level (lower, upper, graduate) correlate with more difficult and challenging academic work. Sometimes, however, disciplines organize their course numbering partly in terms of criteria other than degree of difficulty. It should be noted, too, that some students find introductory courses to be more demanding than advanced, specialized courses. In such courses, a more comprehensive approach and the first exposure to new ways of thinking may be harder for some individuals than covering a smaller, more familiar, area in much greater detail. Also, please note that the 9000-9999 series is designated for professional level courses which award Continuing Education Units (CEUs). CEUs are nationally recognized units of measurement for participation in education and training programs for which academic credit is not awarded. The following course numbering system is used at this university:

	   0- 99	remedial instruction and non-credit 
			courses (units and grades earned 
			will not count towards graduation 
	 100-299	lower division
	 300-699	upper division
	 700-899	graduate courses
	 900-999	joint doctoral courses
	9000-9999	professional level courses offered 
			for Continuing Education units (CEUs); 
			may neither be applied to nor substi-
			tuted for graduation requirements.


For uniformity, certain types of courses have been listed by all departments and colleges with the same numbers: 699 and 899 are used for undergraduate and graduate "special study;" 893 for written creative works; 894 for creative work projects; 895 for field study or research projects; 896 for directed reading; 897 for graduate research; 898 for master's thesis.


All departments are authorized to offer experimental or temporary courses. These are not specifically described in the Bulletin. Descriptions should be obtained from the department when such courses appear in the printed Class Schedule. The numbers 274, 277, 674, 677, 874, and 877 are used by all departments to designate lower division, upper division, and graduate levels, respectively. The standard Bulletin description for these courses is:

274 or 277 Exploration in (name of discipline) (1-6)
(subtitle specifying content)

A course involving exploration of a major problem or theme or an experimental method of instruction, with variable content as specified in the course subtitle in the Class Schedule. May be repeated for credit when different content is involved.


Courses numbered 0-99 are remedial courses. Units and grades earned will not count towards meeting graduation requirements.


San Francisco State University provides the opportunity for students enrolled in the California State University International Programs to receive credit for special study or for subjects taken at universities abroad. For details of the program, consult the Index. The numbers 292, 492, and 792 are used to designate lower division, upper division and graduate levels, respectively. Transcript designation will be IS 292, 492, 792.

292 Projects in Study Abroad (subject to be designated by Overseas Resident Director, International Programs) (1-3)

Prerequisite: consent of major adviser. Open only to students in California State University International Programs. May be repeated for credit when different subjects are involved.


Under special study courses, upper division and graduate students can pursue topics or problems of special interest beyond the scope of a regular course under the supervision of a faculty adviser. The work is of a research or creative nature, and normally culminates in a paper, project, comprehensive examination, or performance. Before registering, the student must have the topic approved by the instructor who will be supervising the independent study, as well as by the adviser and the department chair. (Forms are available in department offices.) The course numbers for special study are 699 and 899. In most cases, special study courses may be repeated for credit.


The forms and methods of teaching vary widely in specific classes. The more traditional methods of lecturing, discussion, laboratory work, and individually supervised research or projects are being supplemented by such learning resources as group and individual exercises, television, films and records, videotaping, and the use of the computer. Modern specialized facilities and equipment are used in many courses in different fields. These include: laboratories for teaching the sciences, a planetarium, studios for teaching the fine arts; a variety of facilities for teaching communications; a language laboratory for teaching foreign languages and linguistics courses; a speech and hearing clinic; the Tiburon Center for Environmental Studies; the Moss Landing Marine Laboratories; the Sierra Nevada Field Campus.

San Francisco State University encourages experimentation and innovation in teaching and welcomes a diversity of approaches. Increasingly and with growing help from students, efforts are being made on the campus to examine, evaluate, and improve the learning experiences.


The California Articulation Number (CAN) identifies some of the transferable, lower division, introductory (preparatory) courses commonly taught within academic disciplines on California college and university campuses.

The system assures students that CAN courses on one participating campus will be accepted "in lieu of" the comparable CAN participating course for the major on another participating campus. For example, a qualified CAN course prefixed as CAN ECON 2 will be accepted for a course prefixed with the same CAN ECON 2 offered on another CAN participating campus. San Francisco State University participates in the California Articulation Number System. The following SFSU courses have been designated as CAN courses:

CAN Subject	SFSU Course
Prefix Number	Number		SFSU Course Title
CAN ANTH 2	ANTH 100	Introduction to Biological 
CAN ANTH 4	ANTH 120	Introductory Social and Cultural 					Anthropology
CAN ANTH 6	ANTH 110	Introduction to Archaeology
CAN ART 2	ART 201		Western Art History I
CAN ART 6	ART 245		Exploration in Ceramics
CAN ART 12	ART 240		Exploration in Sculpture
CAN ART 18	ART 260		Exploration in Photography
CAN ART 20	ART 235		Exploration in Drawing and 
CAN CHEM 2	CHEM 111	General Chemistry I
CAN CHEM 4	CHEM 113+	General Chemistry II and 
		CHEM 114	Laboratory
CAN CHEM SEQ A	CHEM 111+	General Chemisty I
		CHEM 113+	General Chemisty II and
		CHEM 114	Laboratory
CAN CSCI 20	CSC 210		Introduction to Computer 
CAN DRAM 6	TH A 223	Voice I: Skills
CAN DRAM 8	TH A 130	Acting Workshop I
CAN ECON 2	ECON 100	Introduction to Economic 
				Analysis I
CAN ECON 4	ECON 101	Introduction to Economic 
				Analysis II
CAN ENGL 2	ENG 114		First Year Written Composition
CAN ENGL 6	CW 101		Introduction to Creative Writing
CAN ENGL 20	ENG 151		The Short Poem in English
CAN ENGR 4	ENGR 200	Materials of Engineering
CAN ENGR 6	ENGR 205+	Electronic Networks
		ENGR 206 	Electric Circuits and 
CAN ENGR 8	ENGR 102	Statics
CAN ENGR 12	ENGR 205	Electronic Network
CAN GEOG 2	GEOG 101	Our Physical Environment
CAN GEOG 4	GEOG 102	The Human Environment
CAN GEOL 2	GEOL 110	Physical Geology
CAN GEOL 4	GEOL 115	Historical Geology
CAN GOVT 2	PLSI 200	American Politics
CAN H EC 2	CFS 252		Nutrition
CAN H EC 4	CFS 240		Color and Design
CAN H EC 8	CFS 150		Food Study
CAN H EC 10	CFS 160		Clothing Study I
CAN H EC 20	CFS 161		Clothing Analysis
CAN HIST 2	HIST 110	History of Western 
				Civilization I
CAN HIST 4	HIST 111	History of Western 
				Civilization II
CAN HIST 8	HIST 120	History of the U.S. to 1865
CAN HIST 10	HIST 121	History of the U.S. Since 1865
CAN JOUR 2	JOUR 221	Newswriting
CAN JOUR 4	JOUR 200	Journalism and Mass Media
CAN MATH 4	MATH 165	Concepts of the Number Systems
CAN MATH 8	MATH 107	Plane Trigonometry
CAN MATH 16	MATH 109	Pre-Calculus Mathematics
CAN MATH 26	MATH 246	Introduction to Applied Linear 
CAN MATH SEQ C	MATH 220+	Calc. & Analytic Geometry I
		MATH 221+	Calc. & Analytic Geometry II
		MATH 222+	Calc. & Analytic Geometry III
		MATH 223	Calc. & Analytic Geometry IV
CAN PHIL 2	PHIL 101	Introduction to Philosophy
CAN PHIL 4	PHIL 150	Contemporary Moral Issues
CAN PHYS 2	PHYS 111+	General Physics I and 
		PHYS 112	Laboratory
CAN PHYS 4	PHYS 121+	General Physics II and 
		PHYS 122	Laboratory
CAN PHYS 8	PHYS 220+	General Physics w/Calculus I and 
		PHYS 222	Laboratory
CAN PHYS 12	PHYS 230+	General Physics w/Calculus II and 
		PHYS 232	Laboratory
CAN PHYS SEQ A	PHYS 111+	General Physics I and 
		PHYS 112+	Laboratory
		PHYS 121+	General Physics II and 
		PHYS 122	Laboratory
CAN PSY 2	PSY 200		General Psychology
CAN REC 2	REC 200		Introduction to Recreation and 
				Leisure Services
CAN SPCH 4	SPCH 150	Fundamentals of Oral Communication
CAN SOC 2	SOC 105		Sociological Perspectives
CAN STAT 2	MATH 124	Elementary Statistics
SFSU CAN courses are listed in brackets in the course description section of the university Bulletin.

What is course articulation? Course articulation is the written agreement between San Francisco State University and another institution; e.g., either a California community college, a University of California, a California State University, or an independent college or university, to accept a specific course(s) completed at a transfer institution to meet a specific major course requirement at SFSU. Faculty in each discipline review courses and approve all agreements. The agreements authorize the acceptance of one course or a sequence of courses "in lieu of" another for transferring students. Articulated courses are not to be construed as "equivalent" but rather as comparable courses; i.e., the content is such that similar outcomes are assured and advancement to the next level of instruction is appropriate.

What is the California Articulation Number (CAN) System? The California Articulation Number (CAN) System is a cross-reference course identification system for many lower division, transferable courses commonly taught on college campuses.

How does the California Articulation Number System work? The basic premise of the California Articulation Number System is that identically CAN pre-fixed and numbered courses are acceptable "in lieu of" each other for the major. Example: SFSU CFS 252 is identified as CAN H Ec 2 CFS 252. A course from a CAN participating transfer institution identifying their course with the same CAN subject prefix and number, CAN H Ec 2, is considered comparable. Campuses using CAN have access to articulated courses reviewed and approved by colleagues from many other campuses in their discipline.

What should I do? Transfer students, wishing "in lieu of" transfer credit for a SFSU CAN designated course listed in the preceding section, should first consult both their transfer campus(es) catalog for the qualified CAN course(s) successfully completed and the list of SFSU qualified CAN courses to determine course to course comparability. Students are advised to consult with the major department for course to course comparability credit, course planning, and general major advisement.

For more details and additional information on the California Articulation Number (CAN) System, contact the SFSU department represented in CAN or the Articulation Officer, Office of Undergraduate Studies, SFSU.


Accounting (ACCT)
All University (A U)
American Indian Studies (AIS)
American Studies (AMST)
Anthropology (ANTH)
Art (ART)
Asian American Studies (AA S)
Astronomy (ASTR)
Behavioral and Social Sciences (BSS)
Biology (BIOL)
Black Studies (BL S)
Broadcast and Electronic Communication Arts (BECA)
Business (BUS)
Business Analysis (BA)
Business Information and Computing Systems (BICS)
Chemistry (CHEM)
Chinese (CHIN)
Cinema (CINE)
Classical Archaeology (CLAR)
Classics (CLAS)
Clinical Science (CLSC)
Communicative Disorders (C D)
Computer Science (CSC)
Consumer and Family Studies (CFS)
Counseling (COUN)
Creative Writing (C W)
Criminal Justice (C J)
Critical Social Thought (CST)
Dance (DANC)
Design and Industry (DAI)
Dietetics (DIET)
Economics (ECON)
Education (EDUC)
Educational Administration (EDAD)
Educational Technology (ED T)
Elementary Education (E ED)
Engineering (ENGR)
English (ENG)
Ethnic Studies (ETHS)
Filipino (FILI)
Finance (FIN)
Foreign Languages (FL)
French (FR)
Geography and Human Environmental Studies (GEOG)
Geology (GEOL)
German (GER)
Gerontology (GRN)
Global Peace Studies (GPS)
Greek (GRE)
Health Education (H ED)
History (HIST)
Holistic Health (HH)
Hospitality Management (HM)
Human Sexuality Studies (HMSX)
Humanistic Studies (CHS)
Humanities (HUM)
Information Science (INSC)
Inter-Arts (IAC)
Intercultural Skills (IS)
Interdisciplinary Science (CIS)
Interdisciplinary Studies in Education (ISED)
International Business (IBUS)
International Relations (I R)
Italian (ITAL)
Japanese (JAPN)
Jewish Studies (JS)
Journalism (JOUR)
Kinesiology (KIN)
Labor Studies (LABR)
La Raza Studies (LARA)
Latin (LATN)
Library Education (LIB)
Management (MGMT)
Marine Science (MSCI)
Marketing (MKTG)
Mathematical Literacy (M L)
Mathematics (MATH)
Meteorology (METR)
Museum Studies (M S)
Music (MUS)
Nursing (NURS)
Philosophy (PHIL)
Physical Therapy (PT)
Physics (PHYS)
Political Science (PLSI)
Portuguese (PORT)
Psychology (PSY)
Public Administration (P A)
Recreation and Leisure Studies (REC)
Religious Studies (RELS)
Russian (RUSS)
Sanskrit (SNSK)
Secondary Education (S ED)
Social Science (Interdisciplinary Studies) (S S)
Social Work (S W)
Sociology (SOC)
Spanish (SPAN)
Special Education (SPED)
Special Major (SPMJ)
Speech and Communication Studies (SPCH)
Statistics (STAT)
Technical and Professional Writing (TPW)
Theatre Arts (TH A)
Urban Studies (URBS)
Women Studies (WOMS)
World and Comparative Literature (WCL)

Bulletin 1994-96 Table of Contents, SFSU Home Page

last modified July 19, 1995

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