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Multiculturalism and Social Work | San Francisco State University

Gender differences in the relation between food cravings and mood in an adult community: Results from the Fleurbaix Laventie Ville Sante study.

Author: Lafay,-Lionel; Thomas,-Frederique; Mennen,-Louise; Charles,-Marie-Aline; Eschwege,-Eveline; Borys,-Jean-Michel; Basdevant,-Arnaud
Author Background: INSERM Unit 258, Villejuif Cedex, France
Date 3/2001
Type Journal
Journal Title: International-Journal-of-Eating-Disorders
Volume/Pages Vol 29(2): 195-204
Subject Matter Research, Gender, Body Image; Body Weight; Craving; Human Sex Differences; Nutrition
Abstract Studied food cravings and its indulgence in 27-55 yr olds (538 women and 506 men) and compared nutritional parameters, weight preoccupations, and weight history between cravers and noncravers. Cravers experienced a strong urge to eat specific foods more than once a week during the past 6 mo. Food intake was estimated by a 3-day food record. Results show that 59 women and 18 men were food cravers, and 145 women and 143 men were noncravers. Cravers, especially women, were more frequently concerned about their weight than noncravers. Energy intake during snacks was higher in cravers. Less than 40% of cravers reported being hungry when they experienced cravings. Women cravers indulged their cravings as often as men. They reported more frequently negative feelings, whereas men reported more frequently positive feelings. It is concluded that this study shows that food craving episodes are strongly associated with mood but in a different way in women and men. Items of the food craving questionnaire are appended. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2000 APA, all rights reserved)