the Lens: In Search of Eden
Photos by Lyle Gomes
When Lyle Gomes (B.A., '78; M.A., '80) was
a graduate student in photography at SFSU, his professor Jack Welpott
used to goad him with a challenging announcement.
"Jack liked to rattle cages—that's their job at graduate
school, to shake you up," Gomes says one fall afternoon at his
South San Francisco home, wearing a smile beneath his silvery moustache.
"And he'd say, it takes, on average, 10 years after graduate school
before an artist produces anything of value."
But in fact, it took Gomes nine. One September morning in 1989, Gomes
hauled his camera to San Francisco's Presidio at the first light of
day. As soon as he printed his photograph, "San Francisco Presidio
#1," he knew he'd captured something meaningful. A panoramic view
of a wooded intersection, the silvery image has a mystical quality.
Marks of human intervention dot the grove of stately trees—a speed
limit sign, a cyclone fence. An empty road stretches into the misty
distance. The beauty in the photograph is of an odd sort of naturalness,
hovering between the raw and the manicured.
"San Francisco Presidio #1" became the seed of a 16-year project,
"Imagining Eden," just out in book form from the University
of Virginia Press. In it, Gomes finds a vision of Eden not just in the
Presidio, but in English gardens, a snow-covered Central Park and even
the 15th hole of San Mateo's Peninsula Golf Club. Supported by a Fulbright
Scholar Award and a Rockefeller Foundation residency, the series took
Gomes from Oakland's Lakeside Park to Italy's Lake Como in search of
an eerie serenity.
"There's a tension that creates an energy in the landscape, and
the tension is, I think, that they're human-made places that use nature
as a model," Gomes says of the locales that inspired him. In the
Presidio photographs, for instance, "from one angle the trees look
orderly, and from another they look random," Gomes says. "And
I play off that tension in the photographs."
Gomes' commitment to landscape photography began during his years as
an SFSU undergrad. In 1975, he transferred to the University from the
College of San Mateo, where he had taken his first photography class
and where he now teaches, because he was attracted to the work of Welpott
and another popular teacher, Don Worth. Gomes still talks to Worth several
times a month.
"San Francisco State was an exciting place, because both Don's
and Jack's careers were so active," Gomes says. "And I knew
I wanted to combine education and art-making in my career, as they had."
Gomes' teachers immediately recognized that they had an exceptional
student. "He was so committed," says Worth, now an SFSU professor
emeritus of art.
Gomes' graduate student portfolio consisted of what he calls landscape
abstractions: "It would look like a mountain, but it was really
a piece of aluminum," he says. After graduate school, he was working
with "primordial landscapes"—pristine, untouched canyons—when
he took a photo with a small boat in it and realized he responded to
"the human element in the landscape."
His next breakthrough was technical: After long admiring the panoramic
photographs of Josef Sudek, Gomes took his own bellowed camera and masked
the ground-glass and film holder to frame his narrow rectangular view.
Six months later, he took "San Francisco Presidio #1," and
shortly after that he took "Atget's Bench, Lincoln Park."
"That's when I realized it wasn't just one place, the Presidio,
but a type of place," he says.
His modern-day Edens are glades of peace and comfort: Almost all of
the images were shot in the early morning, and under foggy conditions,
with no harsh shadows to disturb the haze of tranquility.
Now, after 16 years of pursuing Eden, he is excited to see his work
turning a new direction. His latest photographs, taken on Italy's Lake
Como, are abrupt juxtapositions of architecture and landscape, close-up
croppings of geometrical walls and dappled lake views that resemble
Gomes thinks the new series might take two or three years to complete,
a fraction of the time spent on "Imagining Eden," and nowhere
near the long years required to make his first work of any value. Looking
back on that near-decade of apprenticeship, he's grateful for the prodding
of his SFSU mentors. When he saw his former professor Jack Welpott at
a retirement party, he told him,
"I did it in nine, Jack. I did it in nine."
Rachel Howard is the author of "The Lost Night," a memoir
about her father's unsolved murder, and writes about the arts for the
San Francisco Chronicle.