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The Abstract of Past Faculty International Development Grant Projects

Project Title: Crossing Borders: A Global Sociological View on Immigration
Project Director: Luiz C. Barbosa

Abstract: Development of a new seminar for sociology students on the sociology of immigration and immigrants from a global perspective. Development of classroom assignments for this course that can readily be adapted or used as models for other courses in the department.


Project Title: Blomefontein, South Africa /Politics and Community
Project Director: Johnetta Richards

Abstract: Africa is important. This experience allows students to study and work at an internship associated with the University Free State in South Africa.


Project Title: A Longitudinal Study of Managerial Values in Difference Cultures Using Both Western- and Eastern- developed Measures
Project Director: Yim-Yu Wong

Abstract: In this study, both the convergence and divergence of managerial values will be studied. There were four measures (Machiavellianism, locus of control, intolerance of ambiguity, and dogmatism) developed in the Western culture to capture managerial values. Almost simultaneously, a set of four measures (Confucian dynamism, human-heartedness, integration, and moral discipline) was developed in the Eastern culture. This coincidental development later became the basis of various instruments for the measurement of managerial values. Earlier finding of this research indicate that different business environments generate unique sets of managerial values pertinent to specific cultures. Variations of managerial values between cultures reflected both convergence and divergence of measures developed by both Western- and Eastern cultures. The current study further contributes to the field in two ways. First, it employs a longitudinal study to compare research results between three periods of time. Second, it extends the coverage of cultures by incorporating more counties. Third, it investigates managerial values among sub-cultures for countries of diverse cultures.


Project Title: Cross-Cultural Views of Traditional Chinese Medicine in China and the U.S.
Project Director: Adam Burke

Abstract: Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM) has been growing steadily in national significance. One important element of the CAM movement in the United State is Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM). Ironically, while TCM is growing in the US it is waning by comparison in China . Traditional medicine in China has been impacted by health reforms and by other changes related to modernization. This proposed project will look at how traditional medicine is differentially practiced in the US and China , for what purposes, and with what prevailing beliefs or attitudes. It is hypothesized that TCM is similarly practiced in China and the US and for similar reasons, by that attitudes and beliefs about the medicine and its future differ significantly. Patient-provider data will be collected via observation and survey at two sites: the Chengdu University of Traditional Chinese Medicine (CUTCM), Chengdu, Sichuan Province, PRC; and the American College of Traditional Chinese Medicine, San Francisco, California. These are both TCM training/clinical institutions. The study will provide opportunities for international scholarly interchange, provide useful information for other CAM researchers, and increase the reputation of SFSU in the new and growing area of CAM research.


Project Title: Re-photography and Text on Screen in Red Rust/White Silk
Project Director: Karen Holmes

Abstract: Selection, preparation and filming of archival and contemporary photographs and text for a 20 minute experimental documentary film, Red Rust/White Silk.


Project Title: Emotion Recognition and Intercultural Adjustment
Project Director: David Matsumoto

Abstract: The purpose of the activities described here is to conduct a study documenting the relationship between the ability to recognize emotions and intercultural adjustment. Fifty international students at SFSU will provide us with data on emotion recognition ability (ERA), and standardized subjective and objective indices of adjustment before and after the completion of their first semester here. They will also be interviewed to provide qualitative data. This proposal is significant because it addresses a gap in the scientific literature concerning ERA and life outcomes and behaviors, because it sheds light on important issues related to intercultural adaptation.


Project Title: The Cross-Cultural Aspects of Brands as Signals
Project Director: Ana Valenzuela

Abstract: Brands potentially play a different role across cultures in consumer decision-making and choice behavior. Underlying many of the roles that brands play in consumer uncertainty about product attributes, and/or benefits, which arises from the existence of imperfect and asymmetric information that characterizes many product markets (i.e., firms are more informed about their own products that consumers). Thus, brands can differ cross-culturally in the role they play in how consumers learn, encode and evaluate brand information (e.g., attributes), and can influence consumer evaluations of the relative values of attributes/levels, decision strategies or combination rules, perceptions of risk and information costs, consideration set formation and decision rules used to make choices.


Project Title: Have the Traditional Mass Media Extended Their International Scope Through Online Interactive Media: An Internet BBS Content Analysis Approach
Project Director: Lena Zhang

Abstract: The emergence of the internet brought about revolution to international communication in the last decade of the 20 th century. Contributing to the evolution of communication is the new information technologies, especially Internet-based technologies. In the past few years, new cyber media provide new channels for people to access information they desire. Global media communication suddenly became reality due to the nature of the Internet.

There is increasing interest to evaluate the nature and process of international communication in the new media era. A major issue is the role of new media in the process. This study is to investigate how the traditional mass media extended their scope internationally through the Internet, which is not only referring to direct internet access of the mass media, but also those indirect availabilities of media coverage that brings mass media with the new interactive perspective. This study will focus on how the nature and process of traditional mass media have been transformed into the format of online interactive media such as online bulletin board system (BBS), in which mass media get their scope extended with a functionally interactive approach, and updated and reshaped with the quick feedback through the interactivity of the new media on other hand.

A content analysis approach will be employed to evaluate the coverage of mass media on selected BBSs with an international perspective during a 2-month period of time. All the data collected from the field as the primary source will be processed within a well-designed analytical format.

My major research focus is international communication. The proposed study represents a significant extension of my research to emerging new media including the process and effects, which will update existing international communication curriculum in our broadcast program. "International media changes rapidly and textbooks do not always keep pace" (Beadle, 200). The study is actually to expand the coverage of the class and make up textbooks that lack of the important updates and keep the pace with changes in the real world.


Project Title: Globalization, Mining and Migration in the Andes: A Proposal to Enhance International Education and Research at San Francisco State University
Project Director: Jeffrey Bury

Abstract: The purpose of the project was to contribute to international education and enhance international awareness at SFSU through: (1) the development of new teaching materials in the department of geography and human environmental studies about the impacts of natural resource extraction activities in Latin America; (2) the development of collaborative research and teaching linkages with two universities in the Andean region; and (3) the generation of new and basic data related to the impacts of large-scale mining activities on household migration patterns in the northern Peruvian Andes. The research grant supported one month of international field work and institutional meeting in Peru during July of 2003.


Project Title: Historical Development of Nursing, Nursing Education and Nursing Practice in the United Kingdom as Compared to the United States
Project Director: Carolyn Fong

Abstract: A grant to further develop my knowledge of the historical development of nursing, nursing education and nursing practice in the United Kingdom as compared to the United State . The grant would fund my travel to the United Kingdom to meet and network with various leaders in nursing and health care. This grant would help me to develop a study abroad program for nursing students at SFSU. Students would travel to the United Kingdom, during semester break, to compare nursing education, practice and heath care policy in that country and the United States. They would meet with designated nursing and health care policy makers in the United Kingdom . The students would be mentored by nurses or midwives from the UK . Students would tour hospitals/sites of interest to nursing in London, Edinburgh, Wales and Ireland .


Project Title: Thanks for Listening to Me: Promoting the Culture of Dialogue
Project Director: Hamid Khani

Abstract: Though we have been experiencing global change for decades, these changes are accelerating. From international trade to political diplomacy, international education is essential if we are to train future citizens who can thrive in a variety of cultural environments. In the future, cross-cultural communication will become the norm rather that the exception. But unless we improve our international education both here and abroad, this communication will be hampered by the stereotypes and misinformation largely propagated by the mass media. With all these inaccurate portrayals and stereotypes, it is understandable that people of both cultures would wary of one another. It is therefore critical that we begin to dispel of these stereotypes and promote more direct dialogue if we are to hope for a more peaceful would for future generations.


Project Title: An English/Chinese Dictionary and Guide to Chinese Archeology
Project Director: Gary Pahl

Abstract: The Instructional Material proposed for development and publication here is a specialized English to Chinese dictionary and practical guide for the study of the Chinese language directed at the gradually opening academic and research field of Chinese Archaeology and its related sub-fields. The intended users are instructors, researchers, and students of Chinese Archaeology. The proposing designer and developer of this material is a practicing research archaeologist and professor specializing in Chinese Archaeology. The Principal Investigator is developing this educational tool in response to the overwhelming energy and effort required for American English-dominant students and scholars to immerse themselves in developing their archaeological specialty and, simultaneously, grappling with the sometimes daunting task of acquiring Chinese language skill (tonal speaking, reading, and writing).


Project Title: International Nongovernmental Organizations (NGOs)
Project Director: JoAnn F. Aviel

Abstract: Adding an NGO component to current required course, IR 550, Proseminar in Foreign Policy Analysis and writing a case study of policy-making be an international NGO-CARE-USA, which can be used as a model in the class and contribute to basic knowledge in the field. Case study will be based on interviews with CARE officials and targets of efforts to influence policy-making in Congress and the United Nations in Atlanta, Washington, D.C., and New York as well as selected field offices.


Project Title: The Acquisition of Chinese Characters: A Study on the Effect of Recreational Reading in Chinese
Project Director: Christy Lao

Abstract: To most Chinese children, learning Chinese is character memorization. Many Chinese children learn Chinese characters with tears. They are asked to do a lot of copying and dictations. They are not motivated to learn Chinese because they think learning Chinese is hard work. They do not know that the old adage "no pain, no gain" does not apply to language learning. According to language acquisition theories, we acquire languages by understanding messages that are interesting and comprehensible to us. Recreational reading results in acquisition when learners select texts that contain messages they understand, messages that also contain new linguistic information.


Project Title: A Distance Education Project Supporting the Affiliation Between SFSU and the American University of Armenia
Project Director: Barry Levine

Abstract: The main goal is to offer a graduate level software architecture course originating from American University of Armenia (AUA, ) and targeting graduate students at San Francisco State University Fall term 2004. As a result, we expect to achieve the following goals: Deliver a graduate level course that is not currently offered at SFSU, Develop collaborations between graduate students at AUA, who have completed the same course, and graduate students in Computer Science at SFSU, Further develop the affiliation between SFSU and AUA, Lay the groundwork for studing Global Software Development issues, which is part of the Strategic Plan of the Computer Science Department, and Expand the capabilities of the Stream system, currently running a beta version in the Mathematics Department, for future use by SFSU student.


Project Title: Project: Mixed Memory: Hindu-Muslim Heritage
Project Director: Santhi Kavuri-Bauer

Abstract: I am applying for the International Development Grant to fund field research on the subject of contemporary miniature painting in three Indian cities: Mumbai, Calcutta , and Bangalore. While there I will gather data, interview artists, and inquire about the borrowing procedures of the private galleries and museums in these cities. This visit will be the first step in establishing contacts and selecting art (primarily paintings and prints) to be displayed in an exhibition at the San Francisco State University Fine Arts Gallery. I have already proposed this exhibit to the Fine Arts Gallery curator, Mark Johnson. He has put his support behind the project and recommends that the exhibition be a component of the " International Center for the Arts Celebration" scheduled for the Spring Semester of 2007.


Project Title: Project: Promoting Cross-cultural Exchange in Preschool
Project Director: Daniel Meier

Abstract: The project focuses on collecting and analyzing data on the perspectives, methods, and materials that selected Palestinian and Israeli preschool educators use in their teaching. The teachers are members of the Middle East Children's Association (MECA), an innovative educational exchange bridging cultural.


Project Title: Mexican Border Postcard Research
Project Director: Alejandro Murguia

Abstract: The purpose in requesting these travel funds is to do research regarding Mexican border postcards during the period 1900-1950. The intent is to recover and critique the images in the postcards as a means of understanding what North Americans thought of Mexico. Specifically, the project entails travel to three separate locales to investigate three important collections: two currently housed at institutions and the private collection of a noted specialist in this field.

The travel itinerary is as follows: From San Francisco to San Diego to research the Border Postcard Collection of the San Diego Historical Society; from San Diego to El Paso, Texas to research the postcard archives and letters in the W.H. Horne Collection of the El Paso Public Library; and then to Austin, Texas to view and annotate the collection of noted scholar in the field, Susan Tomey Frost. From Austin, Texas back to San Francisco; this would complete the work.

It is approximately a 9-10 day journey, covering some 4,000 miles round trip. During this research period I hope to view and notate somewhere around 500 postcards that related specifically to the theme of U.S. Mexican Border.


Project Title: Course Internationalized: WOMS 552 Lesbian Lives & Thought
Project Director: Deborah Cohler

Abstract: I propose to restructure WOMS 552 so that it no longer focuses solely on the history and culture of American lesbians, but instead investigates how women's erotic lives are constructed in different parts of the world. This wholesale revision of WOMS 552 will allow students to understand female same-sex erotic communities beyond limited Western categories. The revised syllabus will, through regional case studies, examine history, literature, film, politics, and advocacy for LGBTQ people and communities. In this way, we can foster international understanding in the context of cultural difference and dialogue.


Project Title: Documentary Film of Theater Tour & Exchange Program with Chile
Project Director: Carlos Baron

Abstract: The project involves the creation of a filmed documentary of a Theatre Tour of an original script (POETA PAN), born from collaboration between faculty members and students from at least two departments: Theatre Arts and Music & Dance, both from SFSU. The tour is planed for the period between 7/10/06 and 8/10/06 and involves a co-production with cultural institutions in Chile . (P. Neruda Foundation, Ministry of Culture)

The monies will be used to pay for a round-trip ticket for two members of the group, Professors Carlos Baron (Theatre Arts, Artistic Director) and for a student, or Faculty member from the Cinema Department (to be selected) who will act as the Film maker/Cameraperson for the project. The rest of the money will be used as part of the budget for the material needed to film.


Project Title: The Apartheid and Civil Rights Struggle Learning Objects Project
Project Director: Trevor Getz

Abstract: The Apartheid & Civil Rights Struggle Oral History Learning/Teaching Project is a collaborative project chaired by Trevor Getz, Asst. Professor of African and world history at San Francisco State University . Bay Area participants include faculty and students, at San Francisco State University, members of the Saint mark's school staff and student bode (San Rafael), and the Museum of the African Diaspora (Oakland). The civic group Facing History and Ourselves, MATRIX (at Michigan State University ) and the Soweto Saturday School are associated with the project. This public- private coalition of educational and civic institutions is committed to jointly developing an integrated set of teaching units and resources for students to understand struggles for civil rights in the United States and South Africa. The projects' central features are interviews of struggle participants in both countries by teams of US/South African youths mentored by professional historians an educators and the development of written materials including contextual history, lesson plans, and assignments by SFSU students. The final outcomes will include websites (learning objects), a museum exhibit, teacher support materials and presentations.


Project Title: Stress and Motivation Among Sport Participants
Project Director: Mi-Sook Kim

Abstract: I have been awarded a sabbatical leave for a semester in the Fall of 2006 to analyze extant data sets with research collaborators in Korea and UK to complete the writing of manuscripts for publications, to plan to next wave of research, and to develop a strategy to obtain external funding for that next wave of research. To accomplish this goal, it demands an extensive time and a number of meetings in person with colleagues in different countries. The present application is to request financial assistance for my travel to Korea and to purchase a statistic program, that is, AMOS 6.0 (Structural Equation Modeling, SEM Program).


Project Title: Comparing Teachers View on Morality - Turkey/U.S.
Project Director: Pamela Le Page

Abstract: The goal of this study is to examine how K-12 teachers in elementary, high school, and special education define morality, teach moral education, and encourage moral development for children in Turkey and the United States . We will also examine how teachers are taught in preparation programs how to make moral decisions and address moral issues in their classrooms. This study will emphasize the commonalities that teachers from diverse cultures share as they approach moral challenges.


Project Title: Realizing a Representative Bureaucracy in the Republic of South Africa
Project Director: Katherine Naff

Abstract: This grant is being requested to expand and enrich a broader study of the Republic of South Africa 's (RSA) historic efforts to achieve a public service representative of the newly enfranchised population. The first component of the research examines policymakers' perspectives on the need for this goal to be enshrined in the Constitution and other legislation and the outcomes they expected to achieve. The second considers top agency management's efforts to implement these mandates, the obstacles they have encountered as well as their successes. If awarded, the OIP grant would fund a third component consisting of in-depth case studies of a cross-section of 4 to 6 national agencies. In each agency, organizational employment data would be compiled and analyzed, managers and supervisors at many levels would be interviewed, and focus groups of employees held where possible. The resulting case studies could be used for comparative assessment of policy implementation at the national and regional level and could be used for instructional purposes in the classroom.


Project Title: The Spirit of Folklore: Brazil
Project Director: Miriam Smith

Abstract: I am seeking funds to facilitate the production of a 10-minute broadcast documentary on the International Folklore Festival of Passo Fundo - Brazil. With the assistance of BECA students and faculty, documentaries on festivals in China, Mexico and Russia are now in various stages of post-production (the China documentaries are undergoing their final legal clearance). One of the great challenges in producing documentaries abroad is assembling the proper equipment. The equipment available through the BECA department is designed primarily for in-studio and local use. This grant application will enable the acquisition of equipment particularly suited for production at remote locations.


Project Title: China 's Gender Wage Gap: a Myth?
Project Director: Yanchun Zhang

Abstract: I propose to explore the opposing forces of economic development on China 's gender wage gap from a theoretical point of view. A theoretical model can be useful because it is more informative and efficient to uncover the underlying relationship when empirical observations show an unclear pattern. A better understanding of the relationship between economic growth and the gender wage gap will also help to shed light on what policies are more effective to reduce gender discriminations in the labor market.


Project Title: WOMS 304 Gender and Popular Culture
Project Director: Jillian Sandell

Abstract: This proposal seeks to internationalize "Gender and Popular Culture," by revising the syllabus to address how films convey ideas about gender, race, nationality, and other cultural beliefs as they travel international. The proposal identifies two specific areas for change: first, using major film festivals and awards as guides, I will research which foreign films have been released in the United States in the last ten years; second, to gather and read reviews of these films to access how they travel and how audiences interpret them. The grant funds will support the purchase of DVDs and books as well as a stipend for a research assistant.


Project Title: Archaeological Excavation and Field Work
Project Director: Michael Anderson

Abstract: This proposal is for a field season of archaeological research at Pompeii, Italy in the summer of 2007 that will serve to establish a five to fifteen year extended campaign of excavation and an international field school in archaeological technique to be run from San Francisco State University. Thus the project will provide international archaeological opportunities to SFSU student whilst carrying out vital research within the city on a scale never before attempted.


Project Title: Border Crossing without Crossing Borders
Project Director: Yanan Fan

Abstract: Teachers in Japan have long favored lesson study , collaboration among a group of teachers from the same content area (e.g., math) with a common goal of improving instruction. Lesson study was first introduced to the U.S. in the 1990s as a way for American teachers, who often work in isolation, to improve instruction as a team. Since then, most studies have focused on math teachers and ways to teach math more effectively. Little research has documented lesson study among teachers from different content areas (English, social studies, science, etc.) This research project investigates how a group of SFSU secondary school content area teacher candidates learn to adopt the local practice of lesson study to collaborate in developing sheltered instruction for an increasing number of mainstreamed English Language Learners (ELLs) in northern California . The project will expose these candidates to successful collaboration practices from outside the U.S. , enabling them to try out border-crossing ideas without physically crossing the borders.


Project Title: The Last Days of Beijing's Hutongs
Project Director: Weimin Zhang

Abstract: I am applying for a Summer Stipends Award to support production of a documentary film entitled: TheLast Days of Beijing 's Hutongs. The proposed work involves: 1) shooting the major footage in Beijing ; 2) collecting and filming the archival materials. The goal is to record and thereby reveal the untold personal stories and struggling situations of the tens of thousands families who live in Beijing 's Hutongs. The subject of this film is, to a large extent, how the Chinese political and economic development have influenced and altered the values and people's lives within their living environment. This project will advance my scholarship significantly and enhance my creative credentials as an educational researcher and documentary filmmaker.


Project Title: HM 557, Restaurant and Catering Management
Project Director: Mehmet Ergul

Abstract: “Food” could be considered as an “international element” and it could bring cultures together. Many of us go to dine and enjoy eating various cuisines but we never think how that particular operation is run. In out diverse classrooms the situation is not much different, people from different cultures speak different languages or even may have different eating habits. However using “food” as an effective learning tool in classrooms could help students to share similar values in achieving their goals. The proposed change is modifying the course content with an international perspective in restaurant management by adding “International Theme Nights.” Such dinner series will include cuisines from different parts of the world which is expected to bring different cultures together. Course modification will now only contribute to the internationalization of the course content but also will help students to transform their theoretical knowledge into practical skills.


Project Title: SW 855, Social Work and Aging
Project Director: Rashmi Gupta

Abstract: The purpose of this proposal is to infuse global aging in an existing course SW-842-titled “Social work with the Aged” and design a course titled, “Social work with the aged: Global Perspectives”. Besides in class discussion, papers and exams an additional community service experiential learning component was added. Based on mission of University to internationalize the curriculum the proposed aging course covers assessment and intervention techniques to deal with marginalized and disenfranchised older ethnic minorities. To design this course we kept in mind the demographics of world aging population and the diversity of the Bay area students and service recipients.


Project Title: JS 546 Jewish Writers in the Americas
Project Director: Kitty Millet

Abstract: Formerly, JS 546 reflected Jewish women's writing in the U.S. and exclusively in English; I'm revising the course to take into account the changes in American scholarship so that “Jewish Women Writers of the Americas” explores Jewish women writing not only in the U.S., but also in Canada and Mexico, with a view to locating the tradition in relation to Jewish writers throughout the Americas.


Project Title: CJ 460 Global Community Corrections
Project Director: Christina Stahlkopf

Abstract: Currently, the Criminal Justice Studies Program runs a popular course CJ 460 Community Corrections and Sentencing. The course explores the present role of community corrections in the American justice system. However, by expanding the horizons of the existing course beyond the boundaries of the United States , the main goal would be to familiarize students with a widely embraced concept of community corrections, called restorative justice, and the different methods employed by numerous countries to translate that theory into real world applications. The primary innovation for this course derives from the fact that while restorative justice is a concept well understood outside the United States , it is rarely ever discussed within out boarders.


Project Title: ID 440 The Housing Structure and its Components
Project Director: Gus Vouchilas and Julie Charlson

Abstract: This proposal seeks to redevelop the current course content of the Housing Structure course in interior design which provides the student with a comprehensive overview of all aspects pertaining to the construction and finishing of dwellings with particular emphasis on building systems such as faming systems, lighting/electrical systems and plumbing system. The revised course curriculum embraces the university goal of internationalizing course content by providing an investigation into the building systems used internationally such as in Europe, Asia, Latin America, and Australia while requiring student research of cultural and indigenous design related aspects of these locations which impact structural design.




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