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Multiculturalism and Social Work | San Francisco State University

Children in Out-of-Home Care in Wisconsin: 1988 through 1994.

Author: Courtney, Mark; Park, Linda
Author Background:
Date 1/1/96
Type Journal
Journal Title: Social Work
Volume/Pages 20(5)
Subject Matter Native Americans
Abstract This report examines trends in Wisconsin out-of-home care between 1988 and 1994. Chapter 1 of the report, Out-of-Home Care Caseload Dynamics in Wisconsin, focuses on the disproportionate growth in the Milwaukee County caseload and seasonal variations.Chapter 2, Characteristics of the Out-of-Home Care Population, reports that nearly two-thirds of children in out-of-home care are under 12 years, with males slightly more likely than females to be in out-of-home care. There are also age, racial, andlocation differences in the use of congregate care. Increasingly, children entering care are younger, males, African American, and are placed in foster homes. Chapter 3, Length of Stay of Children in Out-of-Home Care, reveals that exit rates slow after 6 months, with slower rates in Milwaukee County, for African Americans, and for younger children. Chapter 4, Modes of Exit for Children in Out-of-Home Care, reports that Milwaukee children had a lower exit rate topermanent placement than others and that younger children were more likely to be adopted and less likely to run away than older. Chapter 5, Placement Stability of Children in Out-of-Home Care, reports that about 80 percent of children experience oneplacement, with African Americans having more stable placement histories than Whites. Chapter 6, Reentry of Children into Out-of-Home Care, reports that 32 percent reenter care within 3 years, with a much lower rate in Milwaukee County, for AfricanAmericans and Hispanics than for Whites and Native Americans. Older children have a higher rate of reentry compared to younger ones,with relatively longer stays. There was no significant relationship between child gender and reentry...