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Multiculturalism and Social Work | San Francisco State University

Violence against women: Its importance for HIV/AIDS.

Author: Garcia-Moreno,-Claudia; Watts,-Charlotte
Author Background: World Health Organization (WHO), Global Programme on Evidence for Health Policy, Geneva, Switzerland
Date 2000, special issue
Type Journal
Journal Title: AIDS
Volume/Pages Vol 14(Suppl3): S253-S265
Subject Matter Research, Women, Gender, HIV, AIDS, Violence
Abstract Discusses the links between violence against women and HIV/AIDS. Unequal gender relations are a key factor underpinning women's inability to protect themselves from sexually transmitted infections, including HIV/AIDS, as well as influencing how HIV infection and AIDS impacts on women's lives. They are also a root cause of violence against women. More specifically, physical violence, the threat of physical violence, and sexual violence and coercion are all likely to be important factors associated with HIV transmission for women of all ages and in a range of settings. This paper presents current information on the prevalence worldwide of domestic violence, sexual violence, and trafficking for sex and forced prostitution, and discusses their implications for HIV/AIDS. It also discusses the importance of recognizing that women who are HIV-positive are vulnerable to abuse. The practical implications of recognizing the dimensions of violence against women for HIV/AIDS research and different forms of HIV prevention activities are also explored. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2000 APA, all rights reserved)