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Multiculturalism and Social Work | San Francisco State University

The use of the Sociocultural Attitudes Towards Appearance Questionnaire with middle school boys and girls.

Author: Smolak,-Linda; Levine,-Michael-P; Thompson,-J-Kevin
Author Background: Kenyon Coll, Dept of Psychology, Gambier, OH, US
Date 3/2001
Type Journal
Journal Title: International-Journal-of-Eating-Disorders.
Volume/Pages Vol 29(2): 216-223
Subject Matter Gender, Research, Body Image; Child Attitudes; Human Sex Differences; Physical Appearance; Test Validity
Abstract Assessed the psychometric validity of versions of the Sociocultural Attitudes Towards Appearance Questionnaire (SATAQ) designed for use with middle school girls and boys. As part of a larger study, the SATAQ was administered to 505 middle school students. To assess concurrent validity, scales concerning the use of Weight Control and Muscle Building Techniques as well as the Body Esteem Scale were also administered. Body mass index (BMI) was also calculated. Results show that both the girls' and boys' versions of the SATAQ showed adequate validity. Two SATAQ subscales, Internalization and Awareness of societal ideals of thinness, were identified for girls. For boys, 3 SATAQ subscales were identified: Internalization and Awareness of a muscular, non-fat ideal and a scale tapping the importance of a Muscular Look. The subscales and total score showed acceptable concurrent validity. Even after controlling for BMI, they contributed significant explained variance for the use of Weight Control Techniques in both boys and girls and use of Muscle Building Techniques in boys. Patterns of relationships among variables differed by gender. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2000 APA, all rights reserved)