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Multiculturalism and Social Work | San Francisco State University

The performance of Mexican American children on the Rorschach inkblot test: A normative study

Author: Valentino-Singer,-Mary-Ann
Author Background: California School Of Professional Psychology - Fresno, US
Date 7/2000
Type Dissertation
Journal Title: Dissertation-Abstracts-International:-Section-B:-The-Sciences-and-Engineering
Volume/Pages Vol 61(1-B): 584
Subject Matter Research, Mexican Americans, Rorschach Test, Children
Abstract This study examined the responses of 50, non-patient, Mexican American children between the ages of 8 and 12 years on the Rorschach Inkblot Test in order t o assess the need for separate standardized norms for Mexican Americans. Rule-ou t criteria were used to gather a subject pool as free of psychopathology as poss ible. A Children's Hispanic Background Scale was used to assess the acculturatio n level of each child, and only children who were not highly acculturated were i ncluded. Subjects were recruited mainly from local public schools. The Children' s Personality Questionnaire (CPQ) was administered to provide a sense of basic p ersonality characteristics. Results from the CPQ indicate that the sample consis ted of children who are of average intelligence, free from psychopathology, well -adjusted, and prosocial. The Rorschach Inkblot Test was administered and score d according to The Comprehensive System (Exner, 1995a). A summary table includin g all 114 variables of the Rorschach was generated including the following 9 des criptive statistics: mean, standard deviation, minimum, maximum, frequency, medi an, mode, skewness, and kurtosis. Although this was primarily a descriptive stud y, 18 variables were compared to a matched-sample derived from Mel Hamel's (1996 ) normative sample of children. Comparisons were made using a series of t tests (with critical values-adjusted according to Dunn's Multiple Comparison test) or Mann-Whitney U tests (for significantly skewed variables). The 18 variables com pared were chosen post-hoc based on previous research and clinical interest and were as follows: total number of responses (R), lambda, D-score, adjusted D-scor e, sum T, affective ratio, cooperative movement, populars, X+%, F+%, Xu%, X-%, e gocentricity index, pure form, animal movement, human detail, animal detail, and anatomy. The Xu% for this sample was significantly greater than the Xu% of the matched-sample, and the X-% for this sample was significantly lower than the X-% of the matched-sample. Included in the discussion are limitations of this study and considerations for future studies, as well as a brief dialogue regarding ap parent differences between this sample and the matched-sample from Exner's norma tive database. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2000 APA, all rights reserved)