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Multiculturalism and Social Work | San Francisco State University

The long-term effect of outpatient commitment on service use

Author: Rohland, B.M; Rohrer, J.E; Richards, C.C.
Author Background:
Date 7/2000
Type Journal
Journal Title: Administration-and-Policy-in-Mental-Health
Volume/Pages 27(6): 383-394
Subject Matter Commitment-; Mental-illness; Outpatients-; Compliance-; Hospitalization; Administration-Management
Abstract The long-term effect of outpatient commitment on service use was evaluated in 81 patients with serious and persistent mental illness. An increased number of outpatient visits and a decreased number of hospital admissions, total hospital days, and lengths of stay were observed during commitment periods of greater than 1 year relative to levels of use in the same patients over the 12-month period preceding commitment. This study provides support that outpatient commitment improves compliance with outpatient treatment and reduces hospital use in patients who are on outpatient commitment to a single treatment agency for periods of up to 5 years. (Journal abstract.)