Who we are Search Resources Submit a resource Links to sites Discussion Board Contact Us Return to Home
Multiculturalism and Social Work | San Francisco State University

The effectiveness of the Indian Child Welfare Act of 1978.

Author: MacEachron, A.E; Gustavsson, N.S; Cross, S; Lewis, A
Author Background:
Date 9/1/96
Type Journal
Journal Title: Social-Service-Review.
Volume/Pages 70(3) p. 451-63
Subject Matter Native Americans
Abstract Since the 1970s, federal policy has emphasized the preservation of Indian land, culture, tribes, and families through self-determination legislation to empower and enhance culturally unique tribal communities. The 1978 Indian ChildWelfare Act (ICWA) extended tribal self-determination policy to include child welfare and family preservation issues as a response to the large numbers of Indian children removed from their families and placed in non-Indian settings.This study analyzes available data to assess the effectiveness of tribes in meeting the ICWA mandate through 1986. The results indicate tentative support for effectiveness of the act in reducing adoption and foster careplacement rates for Indian children. (Journal abstract.)