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Multiculturalism and Social Work | San Francisco State University

Stress and coping as a conceptual framework for studying alcohol and drug use among Asian American adolescents.

Author: Su, S.S.
Author Background: Nat'l. Opinion Research Ctr., Univ. of Chicago
Date 1999
Type Journal
Journal Title: Drugs-and-Society.
Volume/Pages 14(1/2): 37-56
Subject Matter Conceptual-frameworks; Asian-Americans; Adolescents-; Stress-; Coping-; Research-; Substance-use
Abstract Researchers have conducted very few studies on substance use among Asian American youths, and current etiological studies have suffered from a number of methodological shortcomings: They employ small sample sizes; they define Asian race/ethnicity so broadly that they do not distinguish among different Asian American subpopulations; they do not distinguish between U.S.-born Asian Americans and recent immigrants; they employ only a cross-sectional research design; they do not control for factors that may be confounded with race/ethnicity; and they do not consider cultural differences in self-reports of alcohol and drug use. Moreover, these studies lack adequate theoretical frameworks and have several conceptual limitations, including their failure to identify salient components of race/ethnicity as risk or protective factors, their lack of attention to the role of the family in the adaptation process, and their failure to consider the interactivity and mediating effects of contextual factors between race/ethnicity and alcohol and drug use. To address these methodological and conceptual limitations, this paper proposes a new conceptual model, one which incorporates a family-risk paradigm and stress-coping perspectives. The paper also discusses the methodological considerations for applying this model successfully. (There are 14 additional articles in this special issue on drug abuse research with minority populations.). (Journal abstract.)