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Multiculturalism and Social Work | San Francisco State University

Self-reports of physical, sexual and emotional abuse in an alcoholism treatment sample.

Author: Rice,-Christopher; Mohr,-Cynthia-D; Del-Boca,-Frances-K; Mattson,-Margaret-E; Young,-Leslie; Brady,-Kathleen; Nickless,-Cynthia
Author Background: Florida International U, Coll of Health and Urban Affairs, School of Social Work, Miami, FL, US
Date 1/2001
Type Journal
Journal Title: Journal-of-Studies-on-Alcohol
Volume/Pages Vol 62(1): 114-123
Subject Matter Women, Alcohol Abuse; Alcohol Rehabilitation; Emotional Abuse; Physical Abuse; Sexual Abuse, Human Sex Differences, Self Report
Abstract Examines reports of lifetime abuse in a clinical trial for treatment of alcohol dependency. Data were obtained from baseline assessments conducted with 1,726 participants (mean age 40.2 yrs) entering Project MATCH, a multisite clinical trial conducted at 9 geographically dispersed research sites. Differences on a broad range of participant characteristics were examined by gender and by reported abuse type. Results reveal that more than half (59%) of the participants reported lifetime abuse. Women were more likely (77%) to report abuse than were men (54%). A lower proportion of men than women (6% vs 31 %) reported experiencing both physical and sexual abuse. Gender differences were found on the majority of psychosocial measures. Comparisons of the psychosocial measures by abuse type generally indicated that participants without abuse histories had better functioning than did participants reporting abuse. The high frequency of lifetime abuse in this geographically dispersed sample underscores the necessity for including assessment of emotional, physical and sexual abuse with alcoholism treatment seeking populations. Participants reporting such events may require other treatment in addition to that for alcohol dependency. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2000 APA, all rights reserved)