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Multiculturalism and Social Work | San Francisco State University

Self-efficacy and HIV-related risk behaviors among multiethnic adolescents

Author: Faryna, E.L.
Author Background:
Date 2/2000
Type Journal
Journal Title: Cultural-Diversity-and-Ethnic-Minority-Psychology
Volume/Pages 6(1) 42-56
Subject Matter People of color, Youths, HIV
Abstract A cross-sectional correlation design was used to investigate (1) self-efficacy and risk behaviors related to HIV; (2) the comparative predictiveness of self-efficacy and knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs regarding sexual activity and substance use; and (3) possible risk profiles for HIV among adolescents. High school students (N=427), ranging in age from 12 to 20 years and attending Family Life Education classes in Alameda, California, volunteered to complete a self-administered questionnaire, resulting in a 73% response rate. Ethnic representation included African American, Chinese, Filipino, other Asian/Pacific Islander, Latino, and European American. Over half of this sample of teens were sexually active by the age of 14, with sexually active teens and substance-using teens scoring higher on HIV knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs. The predominance of ethnicity as the predictor for these HIV risk behaviors indicates that theoretical models for behavior change must include a dimension of culture, diversity, and ethnic identity. (Journal abstract.) ^^^People of color, Youths, HIV^