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Multiculturalism and Social Work | San Francisco State University

Predictors of psychosocial well-being in an Asian-American sample: Acculturation, intergenerational conflict, and parent-child relationships.

Author: Dinh,-Khanh-Thi
Author Background: U Washington, US
Date 3/2000
Type Dissertation
Journal Title: Dissertation-Abstracts-International:-Section-B:-The-Sciences-and-Engineering
Volume/Pages Vol 60(8-B): 4216
Subject Matter Asian Americans, Cultural-Assimilation, Research
Abstract The present research focuses on Asian immigrants and families in the United States. This study utilized questionnaires, interviews, and behavioral ratings of emotional expression to examine predictors of psychosocial well-being among immigrant and non-immigrant Asian Americans. The predictors included measures of acculturation, intergenerational conflict between parents and children, and the quality of parent-child relationships. Measures of psychosocial well-being included depression, anxiety, loneliness, social support, and satisfaction with life, university experience, and parent-child relationships. One hundred-twenty-four Asian American college students participated in this study. The main results showed (1) some differences between immigrant and non-immigrant Asian Americans in psychological and social factors and in emotional expressions, (2) few interethnic and gender differences with the exception that women were generally more emotionally expressive than men, (3) that the relationships between questionnaire and interview reports were highly consistent but that these reports were not significantly associated with behavioral ratings of emotional expressions, (4) that intergenerational conflict or differences in acculturation levels between parents and children played a more important role than acculturation level in the prediction of psychosocial well-being, and (5) that the quality of parent-child relationship was the most important predictor of psychosocial well-being. This study also provided an opportunity to describe an immigrant-subgroup, Vietnamese immigrants. The results showed that certain immigration related factors, including age at time of immigration and reasons for immigration, were related to acculturation. Overall, the findings of this study suggest that parent-child dynamics and intergenerational conflict play a prominent role in the lives of young Asian Americans. Research on acculturation needs to expand its focus by including a more in-depth examination of the family context, especially the quality of the parent-child relationship. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2000 APA, all rights reserved)