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Multiculturalism and Social Work | San Francisco State University

Oyate Ptayela: rebuilding the Lakota Nation through addressing historical trauma among Lakota parents.

Author: Yellow Horse Brave Heart, M.
Author Background:
Date 1/1/99
Type Journal
Journal Title: Journal-of-Human-Behavior-in-the-Social-Environment.
Volume/Pages 2(1/2) p. 109-126
Subject Matter Native Americans
Abstract This article presents evidence to suggest that historical trauma has affected Lakota parents and children by changing parenting behavior and placing children at risk for alcohol and other substance abuse. The theoreticalexplanation of the Lakota historical trauma response is described and used as a framework for the design of a parenting skills curriculum. This intervention focuses on (1) facilitating parental awareness of life span and communal traumaacross generations and (2) a re-cathexis or re-attachment to traditional Lakota values. The experimental curriculum intervention was delivered to a group of 10 Lakota parents and two Lakota parent facilitators on a Lakota reservation.Qualitative study results revealed that parents experienced the curriculum as effective, particularly the focus on both historical trauma and the reconnection with traditional Lakota mores. The curriculum s emphasis on traditionalprotective factors for alcohol and other substance abuse prevention for Lakota children presents implications for other parenting curricula. The article concludes with recommendations for future research in the area of Indianparenting and historical trauma. (There are nine additional articles on Native Americans in this special issue.). (Journal abstract.)