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Multiculturalism and Social Work | San Francisco State University

New Inequalities, New Unions and State Reform; Novas desigualdades, novas solidariedades e a reforma do estado

Author: Hespanha, P. et al.
Author Background:
Date 6/99
Type Journal
Journal Title: Revista-Critica-de-Ciencias-Sociais
Volume/Pages 54, 67-104
Subject Matter Community Development; International; Portugal
Abstract Pedro Hespanha (Faculdade de Economia, U de Coimbra, Portugal) reviews recent theoretical & empirical examinations of emerging forms of social inequality in Portugal, describing wage society's growing separation from the market & state under globalization. Innovative means of communication & community development, particularly in rural areas, are perceived as solutions to the bureaucratic barriers & outdated labor unions hindering civil society. Manuela Silva (Instit Superior de Economia & Gestao, U Tecnica de Lisboa, Portugal) discusses economic disparity on a global scale as developing countries increasingly accept the burden of mass labor for technologically advanced nations. She argues for the development of a new culture among the disenfranchised that emphasizes quality of life & ethics over consumerism. Pedro Adao e Silva proposes a radical social reform for Portugal, one featuring guaranteed minimum salaries along with other benefits, & which draws support from an international (European) network. Jose Reis (Faculdade de Economia, U de Coimbra, Portugal) challenges critical theory to facilitate state reform in Portugal & other nations suffering economic disparity by identifying contemporary forms of inequality, the most viable social actors, & alternative federal & local policies. 8 References.