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Multiculturalism and Social Work | San Francisco State University

Honoring diversity: the reliability, validity, and utility of a scale to measure Native American resiliency

Author: Long, C.R; Nelson, K.
Author Background: New Mexico Highlands Univ., Albuquerque
Date 1999
Type Journal
Journal Title: Journal-of-Human-Behavior-in-the-Social-Environment
Volume/Pages 2(1/2): 91-107
Subject Matter Native-Americans; Rating-scales; Cultural-awareness; Social-workers; Human-services
Abstract A history of oppression and deficit orientation by the majority culture has resulted in pervasive negative stereotypes of Native American culture. In looking forward to an increasingly multicultural society, it is crucial that social workers develop a greater awareness and appreciation of cultural factors that contribute to resiliency among oppressed minorities. This article discusses the Ethnic, Culture, Religion/Spirituality (ECR) scale designed to measure levels of identification and involvement with Native American culture based on a relational rather than a linear world view and sources of strength and resiliency rather than problems or risk factors. Cronbach's Alpha exceeded .70 and factor analysis supported the internal consistency of the instrument. Convergent and discriminant validity and differences in the utility of the instrument for both Native American (n = 73) and non-native (n = 74) samples are explored. (Journal abstract.)