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Multiculturalism and Social Work | San Francisco State University

Gender stereotypes and drinking cognitions as indicators of moderate and high risk drinking among young women and men.

Author: Ricciardelli,-Lina-A; Connor,-Jason-P; Williams,-Robert-J; Young,-Ross-McD
Author Background: Deakin U, School of Psychology, Burwood, VIC, Australia
Date 1/2001
Type Journal
Journal Title: Drug-and-Alcohol-Dependence
Volume/Pages Vol 61(2): 129-136
Subject Matter Research, Gender, Alcohol Drinking Patterns; Human Sex Differences; Self-Control; Self-Efficacy; Sex Role Attitudes, At Risk Populations; Stereotyped Attitudes
Abstract Examined differences in gender stereotypes, restrained drinking, and self-efficacy for alcohol refusal between moderate- and high-risk drinkers among university students. 301 female and 118 male undergraduate students (mean ages 22.51 and 22.91 yrs) completed questionnaires concerning drinking habits. Results show that both female and male high-risk drinkers displayed a response conflict, typified by high scores on restrained drinking but low scores on self-efficacy. This pattern of response conflict was more pronounced for high-risk drinking females, who also identified poorly with positive feminine stereotypical traits. It is concluded that society's double standard that accepts intoxication in males but condemns it in females indicates a need for more intensive prevention efforts for females. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2000 APA, all rights reserved)