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Multiculturalism and Social Work | San Francisco State University

Gender differences in older adults' preferences for life-sustaining medical treatments and end-of-life values.

Author: Bookwala,-Jamila; Coppola,-Kristen-M; Fagerlin,-Angela; Ditto,-Peter-H; Danks,-Joseph-H; Smucker,-William-D
Author Background:
Date 3/2001
Type Journal
Journal Title: Death-Studies
Volume/Pages Vol 25(2): 127-149
Subject Matter Gender, Research, Aging, Life Sustaining Treatment; Preferences
Abstract In the present study, the authors examined gender differences in preferences for life-sustaining treatments in response to various health state scenarios and the endorsement of end-of-life values in 99 older adults (mean age 73.2 yrs). Men preferred life-sustaining treatments more than women overall, for specific treatments (i.e., CPR, surgery, and artificial feeding), and in response to specific health scenarios (i.e., current health, Alzheimer's disease, coma with a slight chance of recovery). In terms of values, women indicated a greater desire for a dignified death than men. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2000 APA, all rights reserved)