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Multiculturalism and Social Work | San Francisco State University

Fear of success, intrapsychic differentiation and culture.

Author: To,-Dai-Lan
Author Background:
Date 2000
Type Dissertation
Journal Title: Dissertation-Abstracts-International:-Section-B:-The-Sciences-and-Engineering.
Volume/Pages Vol 60(12-B): 6386
Subject Matter Females, Asian American, Cultural-Assimilation, Research
Abstract The present study examined the interaction between intrapsychic processes, culture and fear of success (FOS) in college women. Subjects were 45 Caucasian and 40 Asian-American women from San Francisco State University. Instruments used in the study included: the Fear of Success Scale, Asian and Anglo Acculturation Scales, Individualism-Collectivism Scale (INDCOL), Separation-Individuation Process Inventory (S-IPI). For all of the women in the study, fear of success was predicted to correlate with collectivism. It was anticipated that Asian-American women would be more collectivistic due to the influence of Confucist values, and thus would exhibit higher levels of fear of success. However, results indicated that Caucasian women in the study were significantly more collectivistic than their Asian-American counterparts. Furthermore, contrary to what was expected, the results showed a significant negative correlation between fear of success and collectivism for all participants (this correlation was significant only in Asian-American women). The results indicated a strong positive relationship between fear of success and separation-individuation difficulties in both Asian-American and Caucasian women, Asian-Americans exhibited higher levels of fear of success than Caucasians. Although no group differences were predicted regarding separation-individuation, Asian-American women exhibited significantly higher levels of separation-individuation difficulties. This dimension rather than collectivism is associated with higher levels of fear of success observed in Asian-American women. The degree of acculturation in Asian women was also expected to correlate with the individualism-collectivism construct and fear of success. In particular, a significant relationship was predicted among fear of success, collectivism and Asian acculturation. No support for these hypotheses was found. The implications of the findings for understanding psychoanalytic concepts and fear of success and for elucidating more integrated view of the role of culture in achievement conflicts in women are also examined. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2000 APA, all rights reserved)