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Multiculturalism and Social Work | San Francisco State University

Epidemiology of tobacco use among US adolescents.

Author: Giovino, Gary A.
Author Background: Roswell Park Cancer Inst, Dept of Cancer Prevention, Epidemiology, and Biostatistics, Buffalo, NY, US
Date 1999
Type Journal
Journal Title: Nicotine-and-Tobacco-Research
Volume/Pages Vol 1(Suppl1): S31-S40
Subject Matter Research, Asian American, African American, Hispanic, Epidemiology-; *Tobacco-Smoking; Trends
Abstract Summarizes selected research on the prevalence of adolescent cigarette smoking in the US. Each day more than 6,000 persons under age 18 begin smoking and more than 3,000 become daily smokers. The majority of adults who smoke began by age 18, and one-third of high school students were cigarette smokers in 1997. Recently, males were as likely as females to smoke. American Indians and Whites were more likely to smoke than were Hispanics, African-Americans, and Asian-Americans. Cigarette smoking prevalence declined in the late 1970s and early 1980s, leveled off in the 1980s, and increased in the 1990s. Among high school students in 1997, the prevalence of cigar smoking was higher than that of smokeless tobacco use. Indicators of nicotine dependence are prevalent among adolescents who use tobacco products, including smokeless tobacco and cigars. Transdisciplinary research recommendations include: (1) improving the validity of self-report measures; (2) increasing access to school dropouts and infrequent attendees; (3) improving school participation, and data availability and linkage systems; and (4) tracking environmental variables and new tobacco products to expand the science base and facilitate public health prevention. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2000 APA, all rights reserved)