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Multiculturalism and Social Work | San Francisco State University

Enhancing social skills through school social work interventions during recess: gender differences

Author: Butcher,-Dawn-Anderson
Author Background:
Date 10/1/99
Type Journal
Journal Title: Social Work in Education
Volume/Pages v 21, no4 , p. 249-62
Subject Matter Gender Issues
Abstract Part of a special issue on gender. A study considered a recess-based social skill intervention that concentrated on elementary-aged school children and their behaviors on the playground. The study took place in an urban Title I elementary school in the Intermountain West with an enrollment of 450 students in grades 1-6. The incidence of the problem behaviors displayed by students before and after the social skills intervention was recorded. The results indicated that the intervention significantly decreased the problem behaviors displayed by all children. However, an analysis of the results based on gender found that problem behaviors exhibited by girls on the playground were not equally affected. Implications of the study in relation to using recess and play as contexts to teach social skills to children and youths are discussed. DE: Social-work-in-schools-Elementary-schools; Recesses-School; Sex-differences; Social-education-Elementary-schools