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Multiculturalism and Social Work | San Francisco State University

Ego protection: The effects perfectionism and gender on acquired and claimed self-handicapping and self-esteem.

Author: Doebler,-Todd-C; Schick,-Connie; Beck,-Brett-L; Astor-Stetson,-Eileen
Author Background:
Date 12/2000
Type Journal
Journal Title: College-Student-Journal
Volume/Pages Vol 34(4): 524-536
Subject Matter Gender, Self-Esteem, Research, Young Adults
Abstract Men high on Self-Oriented Perfectionism (SOP; Hewitt, Flett, Turnbull-Donovan, and Mikail, 1995) elected to use an acquired self-handicap (listening to inhibiting, rather than facilitating, music) more than women and low SOP men did while performing a visual puzzle task (two Holusions and two hidden object pictures). Post-task attribution questions supported this choice as an adequate self-handicap, suggesting self-handicapping met self-presentation needs. Low SOP women made significantly higher attributions to claimed self-handicaps (current state and distraction by external factors), allowing them to feel better about their intelligence and themselves in general than others did (ns). Findings for self-handicapping and covert self-esteem (Houston & Kelly, 1985), which did not differ in this college sample, suggest that while SOP and Type A behavior may he similar constructs, they are not synonymous. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2000 APA, all rights reserved)