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Multiculturalism and Social Work | San Francisco State University

Cultural, contextual, and intrapersonal predictors of risky sexual attitudes among urban African American girls in early adolescence

Author: Belgrave, F. Z. et al.
Author Background:
Date 8/2000
Type Journal
Journal Title: Cultural-Diversity-and-Ethnic-Minority-Psychology
Volume/Pages 6(3) 309-322
Subject Matter African American, Females, Urban, Sexual Identity
Abstract The role of cultural factors in explaining sexual attitudes among African American urban girls, aged 10-13 years, was investigated in this study. The authors predicted that girls with higher school interest, family cohesion, religiosity, and behavioral self-esteem would endorse less risky sexual attitudes. Also, older girls were expected to have more risky sexual attitudes than younger girls, and girls from 1- rather than 2-parent households were expected to have more risky sexual attitudes. The authors hypothesized that ethnic identity and gender role orientations would contribute to explaining variability in sexual attitudes after controlling for contextual and intrapersonal variables. A questionnaire containing measures of the study constructs was administered to 214 girls who were participants in a substance abuse prevention program. Pretest data were used in analyses. A final regression model accounted for 23% of the variance in sexual attitudes. Age and behavioral self-esteem were significant predictors, with younger teens and teens with higher behavioral self-esteem having less risky sexual attitudes. Cultural variables contributed to explaining variation in sexual attitudes after other variables were controlled for. Higher levels of ethnic identity were associated with less risky sexual attitudes. A masculine gender role orientation was associated with more risky sexual attitudes. (Journal abstract.)