Health Education

College of Health and Human Services
Dean: Donald P. Zingale

Department of Health Education
SCI 394
Fax: 415-338-0570
Chair: Mary Beth Love

Graduate Coordinator: Cynthia Schuetz
Single Subject Program Coordinator: Susan Tapper

Holistic Health Program
HH 703
Fax: 415-338-0573
Director: Erik Peper

Certificate Program Coordinator: Carol Aronoff


Professors--Araki, Love, Ovrebo, Peper, Schuetz, Tapper

Associate Professor--Clayson

Assistant Professor--Moore


B.S. in Health Science

Minor in Health Science

Minor in Holistic Health

Certificate in Holistic Health

M.S. in Health Science

Program Scope

The Department of Health Education has two major functions. First, it provides professional preparation in health education. Second, it offers a variety of health content courses in topical areas such as human sexuality, health promotion, aging, drugs, environmental health, homelessness, and AIDS. For health education, the concern is preventing health problems rather than curing people once they become ill. It is also important to encourage people's interest in maintaining and enhancing an already healthy lifestyle. Education is the best way to accomplish these goals. The department works to help people understand themselves, their motivations, values, and attitudes because, according to health education philosophy, those changes which occur internally--within the individual--are most likely to last. The faculty works as catalysts for social policy change to help create a culture and a political environment where health is a real choice for all people.

Bachelor of Science.Health education programs are designed to facilitate voluntary changes in individual health behaviors as well as to advocate for social change which leads to higher levels of wellness for all. This program prepares individuals to plan, implement, and evaluate programs for health and human services such as health departments, voluntary health agencies, clinics, hospitals, and in business and industry.

The course work and field experience in health education have three primary objectives: (1) to provide a theoretical and philosophical foundation in principles of community health education; (2) to facilitate the development of professional skills in program planning, implementation, and evaluation; and (3) to offer broad course work in personal, community, and school health. Students are also expected to complete course work in biological, social, and behavioral sciences.

Twelve elective units of course work, nine of which must be in Health Education or Holistic Health, enable students to tailor the degree to meet their own special interests or an employer's requirements. Students may choose to elect courses which help them pursue careers in a variety of specialized or emerging health-related areas or to elect a broader, less career-specific health degree. These elective units must be chosen with the guidance and concurrence of an adviser in the department.

Minor in Health Science.The Department of Health Education offers a 21-unit minor program. The minor complements many major programs provided by other university departments and has been designed for maximum flexibility. Individuals must work with a health science adviser to select appropriate courses.

Single Subject Program.Individuals seeking a single subject credential in Health Science to teach health education in California public secondary schools must first complete the required courses for the Single Subject Program. The requirements for this degree are somewhat different than for the B.S. degree. For information related to this pre-teaching degree, individuals should consult an adviser in the Health Education Department.

Supplemental Credential.Individuals who already possess a single subject credential in another area may add health sciences to their existing teaching credential by completing a specified number of semester hours in health sciences. Individuals seeking a supplemental credential should seek the assistance of an adviser in the Department of Health Education.

Advising.Each student is encouraged to work closely with a faculty adviser in order to assure proper articulation of courses. New students should select an adviser upon admission. Students seeking an adviser should consult the department secretary for assistance.

Holistic Health.The Institute for Holistic Healing Studies, under the Department of Health Education, offers a Holistic Health Minor and a Holistic Health Certificate Program. The only difference between the two is that the minor is co-terminus with a bachelor's degree, while the certificate is available to anyone admitted through Extended Learning/Open University. The curriculum for the certificate includes an additional eight units beyond the minor. The certificate is also available to minors upon completion of the requirements.

General Information.Holistic health is concerned with the health and well-being of the whole person--mind, body, spirit, and environment in dynamic balance and interdependence. It emphasizes and seeks to enhance the inherent healing ability of each individual and empower people through teaching principles and skills that enable them to take greater responsibility for their personal development, healing, and health maintenance. This interdisciplinary approach assumes a systems perspective in which mind-body-consciousness interacts with the physical, biological, and psychosocial environments. A change in any one part can result in individual imbalances. Holistic health complements and extends beyond our current medicine, an approach that engenders the rebalancing of the individual.

There are many specific applications and forms of holistic health, some derived from ancient healing traditions and others from modern technology. These areas include: stress management, behavioral medicine, applied psychophysiology, biofeedback, autogenic training, Chinese medicine (including acupuncture, acupressure, herbology, nutrition, qigong), somatic therapies (such as: Feldenkrais, bioenergetics, Alexander), therapeutic touch and subtle energy therapies, meditation, yoga, guided imagery, psychoneuroimmunology, transformative, psycho-spiritual, and psychosomatic therapies, and others.

Although careers in holistic health per seare still being developed, holistic health is a rapidly expanding field. There is a growing demand for training in this area among health care practitioners, such as nurses, physicians, paramedics, health educators, physical therapists, occupational therapists, nutritionists, counselors, psychotherapists, health researchers, health consultants, and others. Certain areas of holistic health, such as Chinese medicine, somatic therapy, and biofeedback, are increasingly in demand and careers in these fields are being integrated more directly into the educational/health care systems.

The Holistic Health Minor/Certificate is designed to provide a background in western physiological perspectives; a survey of holistic health theories and practices as developed in the East and West; a metaphoric view of health, disease, and healing; specific practices in-depth; some theory and background in related areas as well as learning specific self-healing practices. The minor serves as an interdisciplinary liberal arts program that complements or supplements a student's major field of study, especially in health-related areas. The Holistic Health Certificate is a certificate of completion of a curriculum in holistic health for those who already have an academic degree and/or are already in health professions. In addition, since holistic health emphasizes self-care and self-regulation, the minor and certificate program can be taken for personal stress reduction, growth, healing, and health maintenance.

Master of Science in Health Science.The philosophy and career opportunities for the Master of Science in Health Science are listed below.

Purpose.The program's primary purpose is to prepare health professionals to assume educational roles in health institutions and community colleges. Graduates of this program can fulfill roles in patient education, pre/inservice education, continuing education, and classroom teaching. A secondary purpose is to prepare health professionals for supervisory and administrative roles in health institutions. Health professionals who are most likely to find this program of interest are nurses and allied health specialists. Third, the M.S. enables school health personnel to expand and enhance their roles in elementary and secondary schools. All graduates of the program may apply for a community college teaching certificate through the State of California. Finally, this degree provides the foundation for those who plan to pursue a doctoral degree.

History and Philosophy.The program emerged in its current configuration in the mid-1970's in response to the allied health professions' burgeoning need for educators. A Kellogg Foundation grant was secured to develop the curriculum which, at that time, became the only one of its kind west of the Mississippi. The program remains unique in the region with regard to its focus on the education of allied health specialists.

Career Outlook

A variety of career opportunities are open to individuals graduating from the health science program. Results from a recent survey of program graduates indicate that in addition to positions specifically titled health educator, many also hold positions as program planners, assistant administrators, assistant personnel directors, in-service education coordinators, community outreach workers, health counselors, health writers, environmental workers, and pharmaceutical-medical detail persons. Employers include hospitals, government and voluntary agencies, school districts, private industries, and some individuals are self-employed.

A small percentage of health science graduates select careers outside the health care field. The professional skills developed in the degree programs have numerous applications in non-health employment settings. Additionally, some health science graduates elect graduate studies in public health, administration, social services, dentistry, medicine, and law.


The Bachelor of Science is a 126-unit degree, with a 69-unit major.

The following foundation courses or their equivalents must be completed prior to graduation. While it is not mandatory to complete the foundation courses before taking the core courses, individuals are encouraged to work toward completion of foundation courses prior to the junior year. Students entering from the community college system, or other four-year universities, should have their transcripts evaluated by a department adviser in order to receive credit for equivalent courses taken elsewhere. To determine whether courses taken at another college or university may be accepted as foundation courses, individuals should seek the assistance of an adviser in the Department of Health Education. Some foundation courses may be counted for SFSU general education credit; a health science adviser will help determine this.

Courses for these programs are listed in alphabetical sequence (consult Index for page reference).


Foundation Courses

BIOL 100	Human Biology		3
BIOL 101	Human Biology Laboratory		1
BIOL 210	General Microbiology and Public 
Health 3
BIOL 211	General Microbiology and Public 
Health Laboratory 1
CHEM 101	Survey of Chemistry		3

CHEM 102	Survey of Chemistry Laboratory		1
Total for foundation		12

Core Courses

H ED 300	The Health Education Profession		3
H ED 310	Health in Society		3
H ED 410	Organization and Function of 
Health Services 3
H ED 418	Environmental Health		3
H ED 420	Epidemiology		3
H ED 425	Introduction to Research and 
Statistics in Health 3
H ED 430	Foundations of Community Health 
Education			3
H ED 431	Community Health Education: 
Planning, Implementation, and
Evaluation 3
H ED 450	Contemporary Issues in Health		3
H ED 480	Field Work in Community Health		6
H ED 520	Health Promotion in Ethnic 
Communities 3
H ED 660	School Health Programs		3
H ED 456	Community Organizing and Citizen 
Action 3

PHIL 383	Ethics in Medicine		3
Total for core		57


Units to be selected on advisement (nine units 

must have H ED or HH prefix)			12
Total for major		69
NOTE:H ED 300, H ED 430, H ED 431, and H ED 480 must be taken in sequence.



H ED 310	Health in Society		3
H ED 312	Consumer Health		3
H ED 410	Organization and Function of 
Health Services 3
Upper division electives in health education 
from the following or related fields on
advisement as related to student's needs
and interests: 12
H ED 315	Drugs and Society
H ED 320	Contemporary Sexuality
H ED 414	Women's Health
H ED 415	Health Aspects of Aging
H ED 417	AIDS: Contemporary Health 
H ED 418	Environmental Health
H ED 420	Epidemiology
H ED 430	Foundations of Community 
Health Education
H ED 431	Community Health Education: 
Planning, Implementation, and
H ED 444	Sexually Transmissible 
Diseases: Trends and Issues
H ED 500	Values Clarification in Sexuality
H ED 582	Homelessness and Public Policy

H ED 660	School Health Programs
Total for minor		21


All courses offered in holistic health qualify for continuing education credits for nursing (provider number 00344).

Applications for this minor or certificate program and assignment of an adviser can be made through the Institute for Holistic Healing Studies Office, Hensill Hall 703; (415) 338-1210.

This program is open to matriculating students as well as non-degree students. A non-degree student must register through the Extended Learning program as an Open University student.

Courses for these programs are listed in alphabetical sequence (consult Index for page reference).

Minor Program


Human Anatomy/Physiology

Completion of a college-level course in human 
anatomy/physiology. (BIOL 100/101 or
BIOL 610/611 are acceptable) 4

Core Courses

HH 380	Holistic Health: Western Perspec-
tives 3
HH 381	Holistic Health: Eastern Perspec-
tives 3
HH 382	Holistic Health and Human Nature		3
HH 383	Chinese Perspectives in Holistic 
Health 3

Holistic Health Emphasis

Units selected from one of the emphases listed 
below 6

Mind/Body Healing Studies

HH 430	Foundation of Biofeedback and 
Self-Regulation (4)
HH 433	Introduction to Autogenic 
HH 305	Relaxation and Stress Reduction
HH 540	Imagery and Meditation in 
PSY 594	Psychology of Biofeedback 
HH 690	Psychophysiology of Healing
HH 699	Special Study (1-3)

Chinese Healing Studies

HH 420	Chinese Body-Mind Energetics (4)
HH 530	Chinese Perspectives of Stress 
HH 510	Herbal and Nutritional Principles 
in Chinese Healing
HH 621	Advanced Studies in Chinese 
Health and Healing (1-3)
KIN 175	Elementary Tai-Chi Chuan (1) and
KIN 275	Intermediate/Advanced Tai-Chi 
Chuan (2)
HH 699	Special Study (1-3)

General Holistic Healing Studies

Two Holistic Health courses with consent of

Minimum total for minor		22

Certificate Program


Human Anatomy/Physiology

Completion of a college-level course in human 
anatomy/physiology. (BIOL 100/101 or
BIOL 610/611 are acceptable) 4

Core Courses

See Minor Program above		12

Holistic Health Emphasis

Units selected from one of the emphases listed 
above (under Minor Program) 9

Holistic Health Internship

HH 680	Holistic Health Internship Seminar		2

HH 681	Holistic Health Internship		3
Total for certificate		30
NOTE:Students fulfilling the Holistic Health Minor or Certificate Program are eligible to apply for a Certification in Stress Management Education given by the Biofeedback Certification Institute of America (BCIA). Also, students who take the biofeedback courses and fulfill some further requirements may be eligible to apply for Biofeedback Certification given by BCIA. See a Holistic Health adviser for details.


Graduate Advisers--Love, Ovrebo, Schuetz

The program has been designed for full-time working professionals. Core graduate courses in the department are offered once a week from 7:00-9:45 p.m. Most students take no more than two courses per semester; many take only one. Therefore, applicants should expect to complete the program in no fewer than five semesters.

Admission to Program

Applicants for admission to the Master of Science in Health Science must hold a bachelor's degree, and should match the characteristics discussed above under Purpose. Nurses and allied health professionals should hold a current professional license, registration, or certification. Applicants also must have attained a 3.0 undergraduate grade point average in their last sixty units, and give evidence of potential success as a graduate student through recommendations and interviews. Applicants must complete a department application, submit three letters of recommendation and a complete set of transcripts, and interview with the graduate coordinator. A university application also must be submitted to Enrollment Services. Students may enter the program in either fall or spring semester.

Written English Proficiency Requirement
Level One:students must take the Graduate Essay Test (GET) either prior to or during the first semester of enrollment. This examination is administered by the university Testing Center immediately prior to the start-up of each semester; there is a fee. If the GET identifies writing deficiencies, remedial work will be required. Level Two:the second level of English proficiency is assessed by the department graduate committee using the culminating experience. Students will be required to rewrite the culminating experience should it not meet Level Two English proficiency.

Courses for this discipline are listed in alphabetical sequence. It is important to note that not all courses are offered each semester. Careful planning with a graduate adviser is required to ensure proper course sequencing and appropriate selection of electives.


Core Requirements

H ED 710	Accessing Health Information		3
H ED 715	Philosophy of Health Education		3
H ED 725	Educational Strategies for the 
Health Professions 3
H ED 740	Evaluation in Health Science 
Education 3
ISED 832	Seminar in Educational Statistics 
and Data Processing 3

Other Requirements

H ED 795	Seminar in Research Design		0-3
[Must be taken if student's culmi-
nating experience is HED 895 or
HED 892. May be taken as an
elective if student's culminating
experience is the written compre-
hensive examination.]
Upper division or graduate courses in health 
sciences or related fields with approval
of graduate adviser 9-15
One of the following:		0-3
H ED 892	Supervised Field Internship
H ED 895	Individual Research Project in 
Health Education

Written Comprehensive Examination
Minimum total		30

Culminating Experience Options

The culminating experience options have been designed as a measure of student mastery of the knowledge and skills taught in the program. The culminating experience is the final component of the program and is to be completed after all core courses have been taken. The student must declare an option no later than the semester in which the final core course is taken. The three options are as follows:

HED 892--Supervised Field Internship.This option is designed to demonstrate that the student is able to plan, implement, and evaluate a health education course module. The student who selects this option will assist in teaching a Department of Health Education undergraduate course, and must secure approval from the undergraduate course instructor. The student must present the module curriculum and evaluation design, developed in HED 795, to a two- or three-person faculty committee prior to implementation. The student will submit results of the implementation to the same committee. This option is particularly valuable for students who plan careers

as health education teachers in various settings. Additional requirements and eligibility criteria are available in the department office.

HED 895--Individual Research Project.To be eligible for this option, the student must have earned at least an A- in HED 740. The research project must apply health education theory and skills acquired in the core courses with an emphasis on research design and data analysis. In addition, the project must measure both knowledge and skill acquisition. A research proposal, developed in HED 795, must be presented to the student's research project committee, comprising the HED 895 instructor and one or two additional faculty members. If the committee does not accept the proposal, the student must take the written comprehensive examination. Additional requirements and eligibility criteria are available in the department office.

Written Comprehensive Examination.Students may choose to complete a written examination, or are required to take an examination if they choose H ED 892 or H ED 895 and the research proposal/module design is not approved by the project/field internship committee. The four-hour examination will include questions designed to assess the student's ability to apply the theory and skills acquired in the core and elective courses. Questions are solicited by the graduate coordinator from those faculty who teach graduate core courses, as well as from faculty who have taught courses elected by the student. The examination is graded by two faculty members. Students who fail the examination, either because of inadequate answers or inability to meet Level Two English proficiency, are allowed to re-take the examination one time. Students who take the written examination must take six additional units of electives.

Continuous Enrollment.Students must be enrolled in the university in the semester in which they graduate. Students actively working on their master's research project or internship are expected to maintain continuous enrollment until the project/internship is completed, unless the remaining work is not deemed substantial by the graduate coordinator. If necessary, students must enroll in H ED 897 which will not be included on the Graduate Approved Program (GAP).

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