Bulletin--Health Education Program

Health Education

College of Health and Human Services
Dean: Gail Whitaker (Interim)

Department of Health Education
GYM 308
Chair: Mary Beth Love
Graduate Coordinator: Cynthia Schuetz

Holistic Health Program
Director: George Araki
Certificate Program Coordinator: Carol Aronoff

Professors—Araki, Schuetz, Tapper, Yee

Associate Professors—Love, Ovrebo

Lecturers—Aronoff, Burrows, Matson, Peper, Shen

B.S. in Health Science: Concentration in Allied Health

B.S. in Health Science: Concentration in Community Health Education

B.S. in Health Science: Concentration in Health Studies

Minor in Health Science

Minor in Holistic Health

Certificate in Holistic Health

M.S. in Health Science

Program Scope

The Department of Health Education has two major functions. First, it provides professional preparation in health education. Second, it offers a variety of health content courses in topical areas such as human sexuality, health promotion, aging, drugs, sexually transmitted diseases, homelessness, and AIDS. As health educators, the concern is preventing health problems rather than curing people once they become ill. The program goal is also to stress interest in helping people maintain and enhance an already healthy lifestyle. Education is the best way to accomplish these goals. The department works to help people understand themselves, their motivations, values, and attitudes because it is the philosophy of the faculty that only those changes which occur internally—within the individual—are lasting ones. The faculty works as catalysts for social policy change to help create a culture and a political environment where health is a real choice for all people.

Bachelor of Science
The following concentrations are offered in the Bachelor of Science degree. The philosophy and career opportunities for each concentration are listed below.

Allied Health Concentration. The allied health concentration is designed for individuals who have completed basic preparation in nursing or one of the allied health fields; e.g., respiratory therapy, radiologic technology, physical therapy, dental hygiene, medical records, and who wish to be teachers, supervisors, or administrators. To be eligible for admission to this program, individuals must be licensed, registered, or certified in their field and have a minimum of two years of experience. The program is NOT designed to provide specific advanced training in the individual's health field.

Community Health Education Concentration. Community health education is designed to facilitate voluntary changes in social and individual health behaviors. The community health education concentration prepares individuals to plan, implement and evaluate health education programs for health and human services such as health departments, voluntary health agencies, clinics, hospitals, and in business and industry.

The course work and field experience in the community health education concentration have three primary objectives: (1) to provide a theoretical and philosophical foundation in principles of community health education; (2) to facilitate the development of professional skills in program planning, implementation, and evaluation; and (3) to offer broad course work in personal, community, and school health. Students are also expected to complete course work in biological, social, and behavioral sciences.

Health Studies Concentration. The Health Studies Concentration provides a broad background in health, while permitting flexibility to enable the student to tailor the degree to meet his/her special interests or an employer's requirements. The concentration is designed for students who wish to pursue careers in a variety of emerging health-related areas, as well as for the student who wishes to pursue a less specialized, less career-specific health degree.

Minor in Health Science
The Department of Health Education offers a 21-unit minor program. The minor complements many major programs provided by other university departments and has been designed for maximum flexibility. Individuals must work with a health science adviser to select appropriate courses.

Single Subject Waiver Credential
Individuals seeking a single subject credential in Health Science to teach health education in California public secondary schools must first complete the required courses for the Single Subject Waiver Program. The requirements for this degree are somewhat different than for community health education, allied health, and health studies. For information related to this pre-teaching degree, individuals should consult an adviser in the Health Education Department.

Supplemental Credential
Individuals who already possess a single subject credential in another area may add health sciences to their existing teaching credential by completing a specified number of semester hours in health sciences. Individuals seeking a supplemental credential should seek the assistance of an adviser in the Department of Health Education.

Each student is encouraged to work closely with a faculty adviser in order to assure proper articulation of courses. New students should select an adviser upon admission. Students seeking an adviser should consult the department secretary for assistance.

Holistic Health
The Institute for Holistic Healing Studies, under the Department of Health Education, offers a Holistic Health Minor and a Holistic Health Certificate Program. The only difference between the two is that the minor is co-terminus with a bachelor's degree, while the certificate is available to anyone admitted through Extended Learning/Open University. The curriculum for the minor and the certificate is the same.

General Information. Holistic health is concerned with the health and well-being of the whole person—mind, body, spirit, and environment in dynamic balance and interdependence. It emphasizes and seeks to enhance the inherent healing ability of each individual and empower people through teaching principles and skills that enable them to take greater responsibility for their personal development, healing, and health maintenance. This interdisciplinary approach assumes a systems perspective in which mind-body-consciousness interacts with the physical, biological, and psychosocial environment. A change in any one part can result in unbalancing the individual. Holistic health complements and extends beyond our current medicine, an approach that engenders the rebalancing of the individual.

There are many specific applications and forms of holistic health, some derived from ancient healing traditions and others from modern technology. These areas include: stress management, behavioral medicine, applied psychophysiology, biofeedback, autogenic training, Chinese medicine (including acupuncture, acupressure, herbology, nutrition, qigong), somatic therapies (such as: Feldenkrais, bioenergetics, Alexander), therapeutic touch and subtle energy therapies, meditation, yoga, guided imagery, psychoneuroimmunology, transformative psychospiritual and psychosomatic therapies, and others.

Although careers in holistic health per se are still limited, holistic health is a rapidly expanding field and is now seeing a demand for training in this area among health care practitioners, such as nurses, physicians, paramedics, health educators, physical therapists, occupational therapists, nutritionists, counselors, psychotherapists, health researchers, health consultants, and others. Certain areas of holistic health, such as Chinese medicine, somatic therapy, and biofeedback, are becoming more important and careers in these fields are not uncommon.

The Holistic Health Minor/Certificate is designed to gain a background in western physiological perspectives; a survey of holistic health practices as developed in the East and West; a metaphoric view of health, disease, and healing; specific practices in-depth; some theory and background in related areas as well as learning specific self-healing practices. The minor serves as an interdisciplinary liberal arts program that complements or supplements a student's major field of study, especially in health-related areas. The Holistic Health Certificate is a certificate of completion of a curriculum in holistic health for those who already have an academic degree and/or are already in health professions. In addition, since holistic health emphasizes self-care and self-regulation, the minor and certificate program can be taken for personal stress reduction, growth, healing, and health maintenance.

Master of Science in Health Science
The philosophy and career opportunities for the Master of Science in Health Science are listed below.

Purpose. The program's primary purpose is to prepare health professionals to assume educational roles in health institutions and community colleges. Graduates of this program can fulfill roles in patient education, pre-/inservice education, continuing education, and classroom teaching. A secondary purpose is to prepare health professionals for supervisory and administrative roles in health institutions. Health professionals who are most likely to find this program of interest are nurses and allied health specialists. Third, the M.S. enables school health personnel to expand and enhance their roles in elementary and secondary schools. All graduates of the program may apply for a community college teaching certificate through the State of California. Finally, this degree provides the foundation for those who plan to pursue a doctoral degree.

History and Philosophy. The program emerged in its current configuration in the mid-1970's in response to the allied health professions' burgeoning need for educators. A Kellogg Foundation grant was secured to develop the curriculum which, at that time, became the only one of its kind west of the Mississippi. The program remains unique in the region with regard to its focus on the education of allied health specialists.

Career Outlook

A variety of career opportunities are open to individuals graduating from the health science program. Results from a recent survey of program graduates indicate that in addition to positions specifically titled health educator, many also hold positions as program planners, assistant administrators, assistant personnel directors, in-service education coordinators, community outreach workers, health counselors, health writers, environmental workers, and pharmaceutical-medical detail persons. Employers include hospitals, government and voluntary agencies, school districts, private industries, and some individuals are self-employed.

A small percentage of health science graduates select careers outside the health care field. The professional skills developed in the degree programs have numerous applications in non-health employment settings. Additionally, some health science graduates elect graduate studies in public health, administration, social services, dentistry, medicine, and law.


The Bachelor of Science is a 132-unit degree.

Courses for these programs are listed in alphabetical sequence (see Health Education discipline in the Announcement of Courses section).

The following foundation courses or their equivalents must be completed prior to graduation. Individuals are strongly encouraged to complete these courses prior to the junior year. Students entering from the community college system, or other four-year universities, should have their transcripts evaluated by a department adviser in order to receive credit for equivalent courses taken elsewhere. Some foundation courses may be counted for SFSU general education credit. To determine whether courses taken at another college or university may be accepted as foundation courses, individuals should seek the assistance of an adviser in the Department of Health Education.

Foundation courses for all health science majors
BIOL 100	Human Biology			    4
BIOL 210	General Microbiology and Public 
		Health				    3
BIOL 211	General Microbiology and Public 
		Health Laboratory		    1
CHEM 101	Survey of Chemistry		    3
CHEM 102	Survey of Chemistry Laboratory	    1
PSY 200		General Psychology		    3
S S 106		Political Economy: Theory, Pro-
		cesses, and Institutions	    3
Two of the following:				  6-7
	ANTH 120	Introductory Social & 
			Cultural Anthropology
	SOC 105		Sociological Perspec-
	SOC 106		Introduction to Contemp-
			orary Social Issues (4)
	PHIL 383	Ethics in Medicine
		Total for foundation		24-25
Core courses for all health science majors
H ED 290	Promoting Positive Health or
	H ED 310	Health in Society	    3
H ED 312	Consumer Health			    3
H ED 410	Organization and Function of 
		Health Services			    3
H ED 420	Epidemiology			    3
H ED 425	Introduction to Research and 
		Statistics in Health		    3
H ED 430	Foundations of Community Health 
		Education			    3
H ED 431	Community Health Education: 
		Planning, Implementation, and 
		Evaluation			    3
H ED 450	Contemporary Issues in Health	    3
BIOL 328	Human Anatomy			    4
BIOL 610/611	Principles of Human Physiology 
		and Laboratory			    4
		Total for core			   32

Bachelor of Science in Health Science: Concentration in Allied Health

Foundation courses (see above)			24-25
Core courses (see above)			   32
ANTH 630	Medical Anthropology		    3
SOC 476		Medical Sociology		    4
Two of the following selected on advisement:	  6-8
	MGMT 405	Introduction to Manage-
			ment and Organizational 
	MGMT 605	Seminar in Organization 
	PLSI 501	Public Administration & 
			American Bureaucracy (4)
	PLSI 503	Issues in Public Admin-
			istration and Policy (4)
Electives on advisement				  6-8
		Total for major			77-78

Bachelor of Science in Health Science: Concentration in Community Health Education

Foundation courses (see above)			24-25
Core courses (see above)			   32
H ED 300	The Health Education Profession	    3
H ED 418	Environmental Health		    3
H ED 480	Field Work in Community Health	    6
H ED 660	School Health Programs		    3
DIET 253	Nutrition in Health and Disease	    3
URBS 456	Urban Community Organizing and 
		Citizen Action			    3
		Total for major			77-78

Bachelor of Science in Health Science: Concentration in Health Studies

Foundation courses (see above)			24-25
Core courses (see above)			   32
H ED 300	Health Education Professions	    3
H ED 480	Field Work in Community Health	  3-6
Additional units on advisement			12-16
		Total for major			77-79
NOTE: The additional twelve to sixteen units must be selected with the approval of an adviser. Several patterns of courses have been developed to serve as guides for the students who have an interest in pursuing careers in specific emerging areas. However, a program tailored to meet a student's unique intentions may also be developed. In all cases, adviser involvement is essential. Three of the twelve to sixteen units must have a Health Education prefix. No more than six (6) units may be taken from any one department.


H ED 310	Health in Society		 3
H ED 312	Consumer Health			 3
H ED 410	Organization and Function of 
		Health Services			 3
Upper division electives in health education 
from the following or related fields on 
advisement as related to student's needs and 
interests:					12
	H ED 315	Drugs and Society
	H ED 320	Contemporary Sexuality
	H ED 414	Women's Health
	H ED 415	Health Aspects of Aging
	H ED 417	AIDS: Contemporary 
			Health Crisis
	H ED 418	Environmental Health
	H ED 420	Epidemiology
	H ED 430	Foundations of Community 
			Health Education
	H ED 431	Community Health Educa-
			tion: Planning, Imple-
			mentation, and Evaluation
	H ED 444	Sexually Transmissible 
			Diseases: Trends & Issues
	H ED 500	Values Clarification in 
	H ED 582	Homelessness and Public 
	H ED 660	School Health Programs
		Total for minor			21


All courses offered in holistic health qualify for continuing education credits for nursing (provider number 00344).

Applications for this minor or certificate program and assignment of an adviser can be made through the Institute for Holistic Healing Studies, Department of Health Education. Institute for Holistic Healing Studies Office: Hensill Hall 703; (415) 338-1210.

This program is open to matriculating students as well as non-degree students. A non-degree student must register through the Extended Learning program as an Open University student.

Courses for these programs are listed in alphabetical sequence (see Holistic Health discipline in the Announcement of Courses section).

Human Anatomy/Physiology			Units
Completion of a college level course in human 
anatomy/physiology. (BIOL 100, Human Biology, 
or BIOL 610-611, Principles of Human Physiology 
and Laboratory, are acceptable)			 4

Core Courses
HH 380	Holistic Health: Western Perspectives	 3
HH 381	Holistic Health: Eastern Perspectives	 3
HH 382	Holistic Health and Human Nature	 3
HH 383	Chinese Perspectives in Holistic Health	 3

Holistic Health Emphases
Units selected from one of the following 
emphases					 9

Mind/Body Healing Studies
	HH 430	Foundation of Biofeedback and 
		Self-Regulation (4)
	HH 433	Introduction to Autogenic 
	HH 305	Relaxation and Stress Reduction
	HH 690	Psychophysiology of Healing
	HH 699	Special Study (1-3)

Psycho/Spiritual Healing Studies
	HH 540	Imagery and Meditation in 
	PSY 521	Introduction to Clinical 
	HH 690	Psychophysiology of Healing
	HH 699	Special Study (1-3)

Chinese Healing Studies
	HH 420	Chinese Body-Mind Energetics (4)
	HH 530	Chinese Perspectives of Stress 
	HH 510	Herbal & Nutritional Principles 
		in Chinese Healing
	HH 621	Advanced Studies in Chinese 
		Health and Healing (1-3)
	HH 699	Special Study (1-3)

General Holistic Healing Studies
	Three Holistic Health courses (9 units) 
	with consent of adviser.

Related Health Studies Electives
Units selected from the following with consent 
of adviser					 3
	AIS 530		American Indian 
	BIOL 321	Magic, Myths, & Medicine—
			A History of Medicine
	CFS 252		Nutrition
	CFS 355		Nutrition for Wellness
	DIET 253	Nutrition in Health and 
	HH 680		Holistic Health Seminar
	HH 694		Cooperative Education in 
			Holistic Health 
			Science (6-12)
	HH 699		Special Study (1-3)
	HED 312		Consumer Health
	HED 320		Contemporary Sexuality
	HED 410		Organization & Function 
			of Health Services
	HED 418		Environmental Health
	LARA 210	Latino Health Care 
	LARA 450	Indigenismo: Indigenous 
			Culture and Personality
	LARA 500	La Raza Community Mental 
	KIN 136		Hatha Yoga (1)
	KIN 175		Elementary Tai-Chi 
			Chuan (1)
	KIN 275		Intermediate/Advanced 
			Tai-Chi Chuan (1)
	PHIL 383	Ethics in Medicine
	PSY 594		Psychology of Biofeed-
			back Process
	SOC 476		Medical Sociology (4)
	Other electives with approval of the 
		Minimum total			28


Graduate Advisers—Love, Ovrebo, Schuetz, Yee

The program has been designed for full-time working professionals. Core graduate courses in the department are offered once a week from 7:00–9:45 p.m. Most students take no more than two courses per semester; many take only one. Therefore, applicants should expect to complete the program in no fewer than five semesters.

Admission to Program
Applicants for admission to the Master of Science in Health Science must hold a bachelor's degree, and should match the characteristics discussed above under Purpose. Nurses and allied health professionals should hold a current professional license, registration, or certification. Applicants also must have attained a 3.0 undergraduate grade point average in their last sixty units, and give evidence of potential success as a graduate student through recommendations and interviews. Applicants must complete a department application, submit three letters of recommendation and a complete set of transcripts, and interview with the graduate coordinator. A university application also must be submitted to Enrollment Services. Students may enter the program in either fall or spring semester.

Written English Proficiency Requirement
Level One: students must take the Graduate Essay Test (GET) either prior to or during the first semester of enrollment. This examination is administered by the university Testing Center immediately prior to the start-up of each semester; there is a fee. If the GET identifies writing deficiencies, remedial work will be required. Level Two: the second level of English proficiency is assessed by the department graduate committee using the culminating experience. Students will be required to rewrite the culminating experience should it not meet Level Two English proficiency.

Courses for this discipline are listed in alphabetical sequence (see Health Education discipline in the Announcement of Courses section). It is important to note that not all courses are offered each semester. Careful planning with a graduate adviser is required to ensure proper course sequencing and appropriate selection of electives.

Core Requirements				Units
H ED 710	Accessing Health Information	   3
H ED 715	Philosophy of Health Education	   3
H ED 725	Educational Strategies for the 
		Health Professions		   3
H ED 740	Evaluation in Health Science 
		Education			   3
ISED 612	Statistical Methods in 
		Education			   3

Other Requirements
H ED 795	Seminar in Research Design*	 0-3
Upper division or graduate courses in health 
sciences or related fields with approval of 
graduate adviser				9-15
One of the following:				 0-3
	H ED 892	Supervised Field 
	H ED 895	Individual Research Pro-
			ject in Health Education
	Written Comprehensive Examination
		Minimum total			  30
*Must be taken if student's culminating experience is H ED 895 or H ED 892. May be taken as an elective if student's culminating experience is the written comprehensive examination.

Culminating Experience Options
The culminating experience options have been designed as a measure of student mastery of the knowledge and skills taught in the program. The culminating experience is the final component of the program and is to be completed after all core courses have been taken. The student must declare an option no later than the semester in which the final core course is taken. The three options are as follows:

H ED 892—Supervised Field Internship. This option is designed to demonstrate that the student is able to plan, implement, and evaluate a health education course module. The student who selects this option will assist in teaching a Department of Health Education undergraduate course, and must secure approval from the undergraduate course instructor. The student must present the module curriculum and evaluation design, developed in H ED 795, to a two- or three-person faculty committee prior to implementation. The student will submit results of the implementation to the same committee. This option is particularly valuable for students who plan careers as health education teachers in various settings. Additional requirements and eligibility criteria are available in the department office.

H ED 895—Individual Research Project. To be eligible for this option, the student must have earned at least an A- in H ED 740. The research project must apply health education theory and skills acquired in the core courses with an emphasis on research design and data analysis. In addition, the project must measure both knowledge and skill acquisition. A research proposal, developed in H ED 795, must be presented to the student's research project committee, comprising the H ED 895 instructor and one or two additional faculty members. If the committee does not accept the proposal, the student must take the written comprehensive examination. Additional requirements and eligibility criteria are available in the department office.

Written Comprehensive Examination. Students may choose to complete a written examination, or are required to take an examination if they choose H ED 892 or H ED 895 and the research proposal/module design is not approved by the project/field internship committee. The four-hour examination will include questions designed to assess the student's ability to apply the theory and skills acquired in the core and elective courses. Questions are solicited by the graduate coordinator from those faculty who teach graduate core courses, as well as from faculty who have taught courses elected by the student. The examination is graded by two faculty members. Students who fail the examination, either because of inadequate answers or inability to meet Level Two English proficiency, are allowed to re-take the examination one time. Students who take the written examination must take six additional units of electives.

Continuous Enrollment
Students must be enrolled in the university in the semester in which they graduate. Students actively working on their master's research project or internship are expected to maintain continuous enrollment until the project/internship is completed, unless the remaining work is not deemed substantial by the graduate coordinator. If necessary, students must enroll in H ED 897 which will not be included on the Graduate Approved Program (GAP).

Bulletin 1994-96 Table of Contents, SFSU Home Page

last modified June 23, 1995

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