Secondary Education

College of Education
Dean: Jacob Perea

Department of Secondary Education
BH 41
Chair: Nathan Avani

Graduate Coordinator: Nathan Avani
Middle/Junior High School Studies Coordinator: Judith Blomberg


Professors—Avani, Blomberg, Flores, Fox, O'Sullivan, Phillips

Associate Professor—Cancino

Assistant Professors—Bloom, Casarez-Levison, Cooks, Irvine, Kysh, Watanabe


M.A. in Education: Concentration in Secondary Education
M.A. in Education: Concentration in Mathematics Education
Certificate in Middle School Studies

Program Scope

Master of Arts in Education: Concentration in Secondary Education. The Master of Arts is uniquely designed to provide experienced teachers with new perspectives and challenges that will result in practical pedagogic outcomes. The program affords teachers the opportunity to pursue the study of teaching and learning in their subject area and special interests such as urban education, multi-cultural education, implications of social and technological change for teaching, adolescent values, middle school education, mathematics education, science education, and alternative education. One aim of this program is to improve educators' effectiveness as teachers, leaders, and educational scholars, and to contribute to the knowledge base for teaching and learning.

Graduate study for this degree may be combined with programs leading to the Reading Specialist or Bilingual Specialist Credentials.

Students are urged to observe the general requirements in this Bulletin as well as the specific departmental requirements stated here and in the special bulletins available from the department upon request.

Flexibility in the selection of courses from secondary education and related fields allows for a wide range of individual interests. The program offers each candidate a thorough grounding in responsive education that is sensitive to the needs of the working professional. Evening and summer courses are offered.

Master of Arts in Education: Concentration in Mathematics Education. The Master of Arts in Education: Concentration in Mathematics Education provides middle and high school teachers with advanced knowledge of research, theory, and practice in the teaching and learning of school mathematics and expands their knowledge of mathematics content. Teachers holding single subject credentials will have the opportunity to learn additional mathematics and to relate their study of mathematics to the teaching and learning of mathematics. Teachers with single subject credentials in subjects other than mathematics will be eligible to apply for a supplementary authorization in mathematics for middle school teaching. This degree also prepares teachers to assume leadership roles in their schools and districts.

Certificate in Middle School Studies. The certificate identifies the holder as a specialist in middle level education and as a desirable candidate for teaching positions over a broad age range. Earning the certificate improves the qualifications of holders of other teaching credentials for teaching positions in middle level schools. The certificate program forms an acceptable area of emphasis within the M.A. in Elementary Education or Secondary Education and may be acceptable as a related field in other degree programs. (The completion of this certificate does not fulfill the requirements for teacher credentialing in the State of California.)

Career Outlook

Career possibilities for high school teachers are variable, with a particularly good outlook for mathematics and science teachers and for teachers who are bilingual in Spanish and/or one or more Asian languages.

Career possibilities for middle school teachers are excellent, particularly for those with specialized middle level training.


Admission to Program

The Master of Arts in Education: Secondary Education is open to all qualified teachers. All admittees must hold bachelor's degrees from accredited universities. Additional entrance requirements include the following:

A limited number of students not meeting the 3.0 GPA may be admitted conditionally, particularly applicants who have been identified as highly promising or particularly talented teachers.

Written English Proficiency Requirement

Level One: met by passing the SFSU Graduate Essay Test (GET) or completion of an upper-level writing course before enrolling in S ED 850. Level Two: satisfied by successfully demonstrating written competence in papers submitted in required course work.

Course Requirements. After completing the electives and related field courses, students are expected to take the three core courses in sequence: ISED 797, S ED 850 or 865, S ED 895 or 898. Each is prerequisite to the next.

On-line course descriptions are available.

Core Courses Units
ISED 797 Seminar in Educational Research 3
S ED 850 Research Seminar: Critical Issues in Secondary Education or 3
  S ED 865 Research Seminar: Critical Issues in Middle Level Education
S ED 895 Field Study or 3
  S ED 898   Master's Thesis
Electives in secondary education approved by graduate major adviser 9
Related or distributed field (selected on approval of graduate major adviser) 12
  Minimum total 30

Culminating Experience

Early in the semester prior to enrollment in either S ED 895 or S ED 898, the student must submit his/her Graduate Approved Program (GAP), the Proposal for Culminating Experience, and the Human Subjects Approval forms. Enrollment in these courses is contingent upon approval.

Courses Taken in the Single Subject Credential Program

Up to eighteen units of course work in secondary education completed to satisfy the requirements of the Single Subject Credential program may be used to fulfill the requirements for the Master of Arts, as long as they were taken within the seven-year time limit for the master's degree. Courses that may be counted as electives or as "related or distributed field" courses include S ED 701, 720, 759, 769, 778, 780, 781, 785, 790, 800. Student teaching and the associated seminars, S ED 710, 751, 752, and 753, may not be counted. Curriculum and instruction courses taken in other departments may be counted.


Admission to Program

Admission to the Master of Arts in Education: Concentration in Mathematics Education is based upon:

  1. Possession of a multiple subject teaching credential.
  2. At least two years experience teaching mathematics at the elementary or middle school level.
  3. In the event the candidate has not met the requirements in (1) or (2) above, he/she may meet with a mathematics education adviser to evaluate his or her academic and professional background.
  4. Applicant must complete a program application, which includes a written statement of purpose.
  5. Two letters of recommendation regarding the ability to pursue graduate-level work and successful experience with children.
Program Units
Mathematics Courses
Units selected from upper division or graduate mathematics courses with adviser approval. The following, or similar, courses are recommended: 12
MATH 300 History of Mathematics  
MATH 301 Exploration and Proof (4)`
MATH 324 Probability and Statistics
MATH 325 Linear Algebra
MATH 350 Geometry
MATH 575 Mathematics in the Middle School Classroom I
MATH 576 Mathematics in Middle Schools II
MATH 577 Mathematics in Middle Schools III (4)
MATH 578 Mathematics in the High School
Education Courses
S ED 761 School Mathematics: Problem Solving 3
S ED 796 Analyzing Cases of Mathematics Teaching 3
S ED 856 Assessing Mathematical Thinking 3
S ED 807 Leadership Development Seminar in Mathematics Education 3
Core Courses
ISED 797 Seminar in Educational Research 3
S ED 898 Master's Thesis or 3
  S ED 895   Field Study
Minimum total 30


Coordinator—Judith Blomberg

Admission Requirements

Applicants must hold a valid California teaching credential or be currently enrolled in a credential program and must satisfy all requirements for post-baccalaureate admission to the university.

Written English Proficiency Requirement

Before completing the certificate in middle level studies the candidate must demonstrate an appropriate level of writing competency. This may be done in one of two ways after faculty advisement: (1) examples of writing done during course work, or (2) by passing an individual or departmental examination.

Program Units
E ED/S ED 865 Seminar in Middle Level Education 3
E ED/S ED 866 The Early Adolescent in School 3
E ED/S ED 867 Curriculum of the Middle Level School 3
S ED 760 Advanced Field Practicum 3
  Total for certificate 12

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